Graphics Diagnostics (Debugging DirectX Graphics)

Visual Studio Graphics Diagnostics


Visual Studio Graphics Diagnostics is a set of tools for recording and then analyzing rendering and performance problems in Direct3D apps. Graphics Diagnostics can be used on apps that are running locally on your Windows PC, in a Windows device emulator, or on a remote PC or device.

The Graphics Diagnostics workflow begins by capturing a record of how your app uses Direct3D—live, as it runs—so that its behavior can be analyzed immediately, shared, or saved for later. Capture sessions can be initiated and controled manually from Visual Studio or with the command-line capture tool dxcap.exe. Capture sessions can also be initiated and controled programmatically by using the Graphics Diagnostics capture APIs.

After a capture session has been recorded its contents can be played back by Visual Studio Graphics Analyzer at any time, recreating the captured frames by using the exact same resources and rendering commands the app used. Then, using the tools provided in the Graphics Analyer window, any of the captured frames can be analyzed in detail. These tools can be used to examine any Direct3D API call, resource, pipeline state object, pipeline stage, or even the complete history of any pixel in a captured frame. By using these tools in concert, a rendering problem can be explored intuitively, starting from how it appears in a captured frame and drilling down to its root cause in the app's source code, shaders, or graphics assets.

To diagnose performance problems, a captured frame can be analyzed by using the Frame Analysis tool. This tool explores potential performance optimizations by automatically changing the way the app uses Direct3D and benchmarking all the variations for you. In the past, you might have made and benchmarked these kinds of changes manually just to find out which ones made a difference. With Frame Analysis, you only need to make the changes you already know will pay off.

Graphics Diagnostics helps your graphically-rich Direct3D app look and run its best.

Continue to Overview of Visual Studio Graphics Diagnostics to learn more about what Visual Studio Graphics Diagnostics offers.

In This Section

Overview of Visual Studio Graphics Diagnostics

Introduces the Graphics Diagnostics workflow and tools.

Getting Started with Visual Studio Graphics Diagnostics

In this section, you'll learn how to install Visual Studio Graphics Diagnostics and how to start using Graphics Diagnostics with your Direct3D app.

Capturing Graphics Information

To use Graphics Diagnostics to examine a rendering problem in your app, you first record information about how the app uses DirectX. During the recording session, as your app runs normally, you capture (that is, select) the frames that you're interested in. The captures contain detailed information about how the frames are rendered. You can save the captured information as a graphics log document to examine later or share with other members of your team.

GPU Usage

To use Graphics Diagnostics to profile your app, use the GPU Usage tool. GPU usage can be used in concert with other profiling tools, such as CPU Usage, to correlate CPU and GPU activity that might contribute to performance problems in your app.

Graphics Log Document

To start the examination of a recorded graphics log, you use the Graphics Log document window to select a captured frame—or even a specific pixel—so that you can examine in detail the events (that is, the DirectX API calls) that affect it.

Graphics Frame Analysis

After you select a frame, you use Graphics Frame Analysis to examine and tune your rendering performance.

Graphics Event List

After you select a frame, you use the Graphics Event List to examine its events to determine whether they are related to the rendering problem.

Graphics State

The State window helps you understand the graphics state that is active at the time of the current event.

Graphics Pipeline Stages

In the Graphics Pipeline Stages window, you investigate how the currently selected event is processed by each stage of the graphics pipeline so that you can identify where the rendering problem first appears. Examining the pipeline stages is particularly helpful when an object doesn't appear because of an incorrect transformation, or when one of the stages produces output that doesn't match what the next stage expects.

Graphics Event Call Stack

You use the Graphics Event Call Stack to examine the call stack of the currently selected event so that you can navigate to app code that's related to the rendering problem.

Graphics Pixel History

By using the Graphics Pixel History window to analyze how the currently selected pixel is affected by the events that influenced it, you can identify the event or combination of events that cause certain kinds of rendering problems. The pixel history is particularly helpful when an object is rendered incorrectly because pixel shader output is either incorrect or has been combined incorrectly with the frame buffer, or when an object doesn't even appear because its pixels have been discarded before they reach the frame buffer.

Graphics Object Table

You use the Graphics Object Table to examine the properties and contents of specific Direct3D objects and resources that are in effect for the currently selected event. The object table can help you determine the graphics device context that's active during an event, and examine the contents of graphics resources such as constant buffers, vertex buffers, and textures.

HLSL Shader Debugger

To examine how the shader code for the currently selected event and graphics pipeline stage behaves, you use the HLSL Debugger to step through code, examine the contents of variables, and perform other typical debugging tasks. You can also use the HLSL debugger to examine compute shader code, regardless of whether the results are further processed by the graphics pipeline or are just read back by your app.

Command-Line Capture Tool

Use the command-line capture tool to quickly capture and play back graphics information without using Visual Studio or programmatic capture. In particular, you can use the command-line capture tool for automation, or in a test environment.

Graphics Diagnostics Examples

Several examples demonstrate how to use the Graphics Diagnostics tools together to diagnose different kinds of rendering problems.

Related Sections



Debugging in Visual Studio

Introduces the debugging functionality in Visual Studio.

DirectX Graphics and Gaming

Provides articles that discuss DirectX graphics technologies.

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