Working with Window Properties in Excel 2010
Handy Programming Tips for Microsoft Excel 2010: Learn how to change the window properties in Microsoft Excel 2010.
Last modified: May 20, 2011
Applies to: Excel 2010 | Office 2010 | VBA
Published: June 2011
Provided by: Frank Rice, Microsoft Corporation
By configuring various properties of the window user interface in Microsoft Excel 2010, you can take advantage of the helpful visual aspects of the worksheet. For example, by displaying horizontal and vertical rulers in the Page Layout view; or displaying and hiding the worksheet gridlines. In this topic, you programmatically change some of the various properties on the worksheet window. To complete this task, you must do the following:
In this task, you add programming code that manipulates the window properties in Excel.
To add code to the Visual Basic Editor
Start Excel 2010.
On the Developer tab, click Visual Basic to open the Visual Basic Editor.
If you do not see the Developer tab in Excel 2010, click the File tab, and then click Options. In the categories pane, click Custom Ribbon, select Developer, and then click OK.
In the Projects pane, click Sheet1.
Paste or type the following Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) code into the module window.
Sub WindowPropertiesDemo() Range("A1", "F10").Formula = "=RANDBETWEEN(1, 100)" Range("G1", "G10").Value = 0 Dim wnd As Window Set wnd = ActiveWindow ' Retrieve a reference to the active sheet view: Dim view As WorksheetView Set view = wnd.ActiveSheetView Dim doDisplayFormulas As Boolean Dim doDisplayGridLines As Boolean Dim doDisplayHeadings As Boolean Dim doDisplayZeros As Boolean ' Store away the original values. doDisplayFormulas = view.DisplayFormulas doDisplayGridLines = view.DisplayGridlines doDisplayHeadings = view.DisplayHeadings doDisplayZeros = view.DisplayZeros ' Change the settings for the active sheet view: view.DisplayFormulas = Not view.DisplayFormulas view.DisplayGridlines = Not view.DisplayGridlines view.DisplayHeadings = Not view.DisplayHeadings view.DisplayZeros = Not view.DisplayZeros ' Put things back the way they were originally. view.DisplayFormulas = doDisplayFormulas view.DisplayGridlines = doDisplayGridLines view.DisplayHeadings = doDisplayHeadings view.DisplayZeros = doDisplayZeros ' The DisplayRuler and DisplayWhiteSpace properties ' only have an effect in Page Layout view. ' Store away the current view. Dim currentView As XlWindowView currentView = wnd.view ' Make sure the current window is in Page Layout view. wnd.view = xlPageLayoutView ' Store away the current values: Dim currentDisplayRuler As Boolean Dim currentDisplayWhiteSpace As Boolean currentDisplayRuler = wnd.DisplayRuler currentDisplayWhiteSpace = wnd.DisplayWhitespace ' Set the properties to the opposite of their current state: wnd.DisplayRuler = Not wnd.DisplayRuler wnd.DisplayWhitespace = Not wnd.DisplayWhitespace ' Put things back: wnd.DisplayRuler = currentDisplayRuler wnd.DisplayWhitespace = currentDisplayWhiteSpace wnd.view = currentView End Sub
In this task, you step through the VBA code that modifies the window properties of the worksheet.
To step through the code
Drag the Visual Basic Editor window to the right side of your monitor.
Drag the Excel window to the left side of your monitor and adjust the windows until you can see them both.
Now, press F8 to step through the code line-by-line and watch the code behavior.