STARTSESSION Function (Sessions)

Starts a Microsoft Dynamics NAV session without a UI and runs the specified codeunit.

[OK :=] STARTSESSION(VAR SessionID, CodeunitID [, CompanyName] [,Record])


Type: Integer

The ID of the new session that is started. The ID is assigned to the SessionID variable after the session is started successfully.

This parameter is passed by reference to the function. For more information about passing parameters by reference, see C/AL Function Calls.

Type: Integer

The ID of the codeunit to run when the session is started.

Type: Text

The company in which to start the session. By default, the session is started in the same company as the calling session.

This parameter is optional.

Type: Record

A record that is passed to the OnRun trigger of the codeunit that runs when the session is started.

This parameter is optional.

Type: Boolean

true if the session started successfully and no errors occurred; otherwise false.

If you omit this optional return value and the session is not started successfully, then a run-time error occurs. If you include the return value, then you must handle any errors.

The session is started on the same Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server instance from which the function is called. The session that is started is a background session and therefore has no UI. The session executes using the same user credentials as the calling C/AL code.

The following table describes how dialog boxes are handled in a background session, which has no UI.

Function that creates the dialog box Behavior

CONFIRM Function (Dialog)

  • Dialog box is suppressed.

  • The following error occurs on the Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server instance: Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server attempted to issue a client callback to show a confirmation dialog box.

ERROR Function (Dialog)

  • Dialog box is suppressed.

  • C/AL code execution ends.

  • The error is logged to the event log of the Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server instance.

  • The error is added to the Comments field of the Session Event table.

MESSAGE Function (Dialog)

  • Dialog box is suppressed.

  • The message is recorded in the event log of the computer that is running Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server instance. The log entry has the type Information and includes the context of the message.

OPEN Function (Dialog)

  • Dialog box is suppressed.

  • Dialog box text is not displayed or logged.

Each background session has the same impact on resources as a regular user session. In addition, it takes time and resources to start each background session. Therefore, we recommend that you consider when and how you use background sessions. For example, do not use background sessions for small tasks that occur often because the cost of starting the session for each tasks is high.

This example requires that you create the following variables.

Variable name DataType Subtype



Not applicable



Not applicable




In this example, the Cache Stress Test codeunit is a custom codeunit.

OK := STARTSESSION(SessionId, CODEUNIT::"Cache Stress Test", COMPANYNAME, CacheStressTestRec);
  STOPSESSION(SessionId, 'Logoff cache stress test session')
  ERROR('The session was not started successfully.');