Collapse the table of content
Expand the table of content
Important This document may not represent best practices for current development, links to downloads and other resources may no longer be valid. Current recommended version can be found here. ArchiveDisclaimer


Writes data to a stream.

size_t fwrite(
   const void *buffer,
   size_t size,
   size_t count,
   FILE *stream 



Pointer to data to be written.


Item size in bytes.


Maximum number of items to be written.


Pointer to FILE structure.

fwrite returns the number of full items actually written, which may be less than count if an error occurs. Also, if an error occurs, the file-position indicator cannot be determined. If either stream or buffer is a null pointer, the function invokes the invalid parameter handler, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, this function sets errno to EINVAL and returns 0.

The fwrite function writes up to count items, of size length each, from buffer to the output stream. The file pointer associated with stream (if there is one) is incremented by the number of bytes actually written. If stream is opened in text mode, each carriage return is replaced with a carriage-return – linefeed pair. The replacement has no effect on the return value.

This function locks the calling thread and is therefore thread-safe. For a non-locking version, see _fwrite_nolock.

Function Required header Compatibility



ANSI, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

See the example for fread.

© 2015 Microsoft