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ArrayList::Sort Method (Int32, Int32, IComparer)

Sorts the elements in a range of elements in ArrayList using the specified comparer.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
virtual void Sort(
	int index, 
	int count, 
	IComparer^ comparer
)

Parameters

index
Type: System::Int32
The zero-based starting index of the range to sort.
count
Type: System::Int32
The length of the range to sort.
comparer
Type: System.Collections::IComparer
The IComparer implementation to use when comparing elements.
-or-
A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) to use the IComparable implementation of each element.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is less than zero.

-or-

count is less than zero.

ArgumentException

index and count do not specify a valid range in the ArrayList.

NotSupportedException

The ArrayList is read-only.

InvalidOperationException

An error occurred while comparing two elements.

If comparer is set to nullptr, this method performs a comparison sort (also called an unstable sort); that is, if two elements are equal, their order might not be preserved. In contrast, a stable sort preserves the order of elements that are equal. To perform a stable sort, you must implement a custom IComparer interface.

On average, this method is an O(n log n) operation, where n is count; in the worst case it is an O(n^2) operation.

The following code example shows how to sort the values in a range of elements in an ArrayList using the default comparer and a custom comparer that reverses the sort order.


using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
ref class myReverserClass: public IComparer
{
private:

   // Calls CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
   virtual int Compare( Object^ x, Object^ y ) = IComparer::Compare
   {
      return ((gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer)->Compare( y, x ));
   }

};

int main()
{

   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "QUICK" );
   myAL->Add( "BROWN" );
   myAL->Add( "FOX" );
   myAL->Add( "jumped" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );

   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );

   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
   myAL->Sort( 1, 3, nullptr );
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );

   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
   IComparer^ myComparer = gcnew myReverserClass;
   myAL->Sort( 1, 3, myComparer );
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   int i = 0;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i++, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.
The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    QUICK
        [2]:    BROWN
        [3]:    FOX
        [4]:    jumped
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    BROWN
        [2]:    FOX
        [3]:    QUICK
        [4]:    jumped
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    QUICK
        [2]:    FOX
        [3]:    BROWN
        [4]:    jumped
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog
*/


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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