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How to: Create a Sequential Workflow

How to: Create a Sequential Workflow

.NET Framework 4.6 and 4.5

Workflows can be constructed from built-in activities as well as from custom activities. This topic steps through creating a workflow that uses both built-in activities such as the Sequence activity, and the custom activities from the previous How to: Create an Activity topic. The workflow models a number guessing game.

noteNote:
Each topic in the Getting Started tutorial depends on the previous topics. To complete this topic, you must first complete How to: Create an Activity.

noteNote:
To download a completed version of the tutorial, see Windows Workflow Foundation (WF45) - Getting Started Tutorial.

To create the workflow

  1. Right-click NumberGuessWorkflowActivities in Solution Explorer and select Add, New Item.

  2. In the Installed, Common Items node, select Workflow. Select Activity from the Workflow list.

  3. Type SequentialNumberGuessWorkflow into the Name box and click Add.

  4. Drag a Sequence activity from the Control Flow section of the Toolbox and drop it onto the Drop activity here label on the workflow design surface.

To create the workflow variables and arguments

  1. Double-click SequentialNumberGuessWorkflow.xaml in Solution Explorer to display the workflow in the designer, if it is not already displayed.

  2. Click Arguments in the lower-left side of the workflow designer to display the Arguments pane.

  3. Click Create Argument.

  4. Type MaxNumber into the Name box, select In from the Direction drop-down list, select Int32 from the Argument type drop-down list, and then press ENTER to save the argument.

  5. Click Create Argument.

  6. Type Turns into the Name box that is below the newly added MaxNumber argument, select Out from the Direction drop-down list, select Int32 from the Argument type drop-down list, and then press ENTER.

  7. Click Arguments in the lower-left side of the activity designer to close the Arguments pane.

  8. Click Variables in the lower-left side of the workflow designer to display the Variables pane.

  9. Click Create Variable.

    TipTip:
    If no Create Variable box is displayed, click the Sequence activity on the workflow designer surface to select it.

  10. Type Guess into the Name box, select Int32 from the Variable type drop-down list, and then press ENTER to save the variable.

  11. Click Create Variable.

  12. Type Target into the Name box, select Int32 from the Variable type drop-down list, and then press ENTER to save the variable.

  13. Click Variables in the lower-left side of the activity designer to close the Variables pane.

To add the workflow activities

  1. Drag an Assign activity from the Primitives section of the Toolbox and drop it onto the Sequence activity. Type Target into the To box and the following expression into the Enter a C# expression or Enter a VB expression box.

    new System.Random().Next(1, MaxNumber + 1)
    
    TipTip:
    If the Toolbox window is not displayed, select Toolbox from the View menu.

  2. Drag a DoWhile activity from the Control Flow section of the Toolbox and drop it on the workflow so that it is below the Assign activity.

  3. Type the following expression into the DoWhile activity’s Condition property value box.

    Guess != Target
    

    A DoWhile activity executes its child activities and then evaluates its Condition. If the Condition evaluates to True, then the activities in the DoWhile execute again. In this example, the user’s guess is evaluated and the DoWhile continues until the guess is correct.

  4. Drag a Prompt activity from the NumberGuessWorkflowActivities section of the Toolbox and drop it in the DoWhile activity from the previous step.

  5. In the Properties Window, type "EnterGuess" including the quotes into the BookmarkName property value box for the Prompt activity. Type Guess into the Result property value box, and type the following expression into the Text property box.

    "Please enter a number between 1 and " + MaxNumber
    
    TipTip:
    If the Properties Window is not displayed, select Properties Window from the View menu.

  6. Drag an Assign activity from the Primitives section of the Toolbox and drop it in the DoWhile activity so that it follows the Prompt activity.

    noteNote:
    When you drop the Assign activity, note how the workflow designer automatically adds a Sequence activity to contain both the Prompt activity and the newly added Assign activity.

  7. Type Turns into the To box and Turns + 1 into the Enter a C# expression or Enter a VB expression box.

  8. Drag an If activity from the Control Flow section of the Toolbox and drop it in the Sequence activity so that it follows the newly added Assign activity.

  9. Type the following expression into the If activity’s Condition property value box.

    Guess != Target
    
  10. Drag another If activity from the Control Flow section of the Toolbox and drop it in the Then section of the first If activity.

  11. Type the following expression into the newly added If activity’s Condition property value box.

    Guess < Target
    
  12. Drag two WriteLine activities from the Primitives section of the Toolbox and drop them so that one is in the Then section of the newly added If activity, and one is in the Else section.

  13. Click the WriteLine activity in the Then section to select it, and type the following expression into the Text property value box.

    "Your guess is too low."
    
  14. Click the WriteLine activity in the Else section to select it, and type the following expression into the Text property value box.

    "Your guess is too high."
    

    The following example illustrates the completed workflow.

    Completed Sequential Workflow

To build the workflow

  1. Press CTRL+SHIFT+B to build the solution.

    For instructions on how to run the workflow, please see the next topic, How to: Run a Workflow. If you have already completed the How to: Run a Workflow step with a different style of workflow and wish to run it using the sequential workflow from this step, skip ahead to the To build and run the application section of How to: Run a Workflow.

See Also




Build Date:

2012-08-02
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft