Expression Studio 4.0
important noteImportant

This documentation is preliminary and is subject to change.

Sets an aspect value for an element that will effectively preserve the x-height of the first choice font, whether it is substituted or not.


{ font-size-adjust: sSize }

Possible values


Variant that specifies one of the following values:


Default. Indicates the font's x-height should not be preserved.


Specifies the aspect value. For the adjusted font size calculation, see Remarks.


Indicates that the property takes the same computed value as the property for the element's parent.

This property has a default value of none. It is inherited.


For any given font size, the apparent size and legibility of text varies across fonts. For scripts such as Latin or Cyrillic that distinguish between uppercase and lowercase letters, the relative height of lowercase letters compared to their uppercase counterparts is a determining factor of legibility. This is commonly referred to as the aspect value. Precisely defined, it is equal to the x-height of a font (the height of a font's lowercase 'x' character) divided by the font size.

In situations where font fallback occurs, fallback fonts cannot share the same aspect ratio as the desired font family and thus appear less legible. Font fallback occurs when the specified font is not available and Internet Explorer uses a fallback font, or a replacement font. The font-size-adjust property is a way to preserve the legibility of text when font fallback occurs. It does this by adjusting the font size so that the x-height is the same regardless of the font that is used.

The following calculation uses the number value to calculate the adjusted font size: c = (a / a' ) s

In this equation, s is the font-size value, a is the number value of the font-size-adjust property, a' is the aspect value of the actual font, and c is the adjusted font size to use.

This property applies to any font that is selected, but in typical usage it should be based on the aspect value of the first font in the font-family list. If this is specified accurately, the (a/a') term in the formula listed previously is 1 for the first font and no adjustment occurs. If the value is specified inaccurately, text that is rendered by using the first font in the family list displays differently in browsers that do not support the font-size-adjust property.

Standards information

This property is defined in Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) Text Gg721804.xtlink_newWindow(en-us,Expression.40).png, Section 10.10.

Applies to

a, address, applet, b, big, blockquote, body, button, caption, center, cite, code, col, colgroup, custom, dd, defaults, dfn, div, dl, dt, em, fieldset, form, hn, html, i, input type=button, input type=file, input type=image, input type=password, input type=reset, input type=submit, input type=text, li, ol, p, s, select, span, sub, table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, var, xmp

See also

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