Working with Handout Master Slides

Last modified: October 08, 2010

Applies to: Excel 2010 | Office 2010 | PowerPoint 2010 | Word 2010

In this article
Handout Master Slides in PresentationML
Open XML SDK 2.0 HandoutMaster Class
Working with the HandoutMaster Class
Open XML SDK Code Example
Generated PresentationML

This topic discusses the Open XML SDK 2.0 HandoutMaster class and how it relates to the Open XML File Format PresentationML schema. For more information about the overall structure of the parts and elements that make up a PresentationML document, see Structure of a PresentationML Document.

The ISO/IEC 29500 specification describes the Open XML PresentationML <handoutMaster> element used to represent a handout master slide in a PresentationML document as follows:

This element specifies an instance of a handout master slide. Within a handout master slide are contained all elements that describe the objects and their corresponding formatting for within a handout slide. Within a handout master slide the cSld element specifies the common slide elements such as shapes and their attached text bodies. There are other properties within a handout master slide but cSld encompasses the majority of the intended purpose for a handoutMaster slide.

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

The following table lists the child elements of the <handoutMaster> element used when working with handout master slides and the Open XML SDK 2.0 classes that correspond to them.

PresentationML Element

Open XML SDK 2.0 Class









The Open XML SDK 2.0 HandoutMaster class represents the <handoutMaster> element defined in the Open XML File Format schema for PresentationML documents. Use the HandoutMaster class to manipulate individual <handoutMaster> elements in a PresentationML document.

Classes commonly associated with the HandoutMaster class are shown in the following sections.

ColorMap Class

The ColorMap class corresponds to the <clrMap> element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <clrMap> element:

This element specifies the mapping layer that transforms one color scheme definition to another. Each attribute represents a color name that can be referenced in this master, and the value is the corresponding color in the theme.

[Example: Consider the following mapping of colors that applies to a slide master:

<p:clrMap bg1="dk1" tx1="lt1" bg2="dk2" tx2="lt2" accent1="accent1"
accent2="accent2" accent3="accent3" accent4="accent4" accent5="accent5"
accent6="accent6" hlink="hlink" folHlink="folHlink"/>

end example]

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

CommonSlideData Class

The CommonSlideData class corresponds to the <cSld> element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <cSld> element:

This element specifies a container for the type of slide information that is relevant to all of the slide types. All slides share a common set of properties that is independent of the slide type; the description of these properties for any particular slide is stored within the slide's <cSld> container. Slide data specific to the slide type indicated by the parent element is stored elsewhere.

The actual data in <cSld> describe only the particular parent slide; it is only the type of information stored that is common across all slides.

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

ExtensionListWithModification Class

The ExtensionListWithModification class corresponds to the <extLst>element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <extLst> element:

This element specifies the extension list with modification ability within which all future extensions of element type <ext> are defined. The extension list along with corresponding future extensions is used to extend the storage capabilities of the PresentationML framework. This allows for various new kinds of data to be stored natively within the framework.

[Note: Using this extLst element allows the generating application to store whether this extension property has been modified. end note]

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

HeaderFooter Class

The HeaderFooter class corresponds to the <hf> element. The following information from the ISO/IEC 29500 specification introduces the <hf> element:

This element specifies the header and footer information for a slide. Headers and footers consist of placeholders for text that should be consistent across all slides and slide types, such as a date and time, slide numbering, and custom header and footer text.

© ISO/IEC29500: 2008.

As shown in the Open XML SDK code sample that follows, every instance of the HandoutMaster class is associated with an instance of the HandoutMasterPart class, which represents a handout master part, one of the parts of a PresentationML presentation file package, and a part that is required for a presentation file that contains handouts.

The HandoutMaster class, which represents the <handoutMaster> element, is therefore also associated with a series of other classes that represent the child elements of the <handoutMaster> element. Among these classes, as shown in the following code sample, are the CommonSlideData class, the ColorMap class, the ShapeTree class, and the Shape class.

The following method adds a new handout master part to an existing presentation and creates an instance of an Open XML SDK 2.0 HandoutMaster class in the new handout master part. The HandoutMaster class constructor creates instances of the CommonSlideData class and the ColorMap class. The CommonSlideData class constructor creates an instance of the ShapeTree class, whose constructor, in turn, creates additional class instances: an instance of the NonVisualGroupShapeProperties class, an instance of the GroupShapeProperties class, and an instance of the Shape class.

The namespace represented by the letter P in the code is the DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Presentation namespace.

private static HandoutMasterPart CreateHandoutMasterPart(PresentationPart presentationPart)
        HandoutMasterPart handoutMasterPart1 = presentationPart.AddNewPart<HandoutMasterPart>("rId3");
        handoutMasterPart1.HandoutMaster = new HandoutMaster(
                        new CommonSlideData(
                            new ShapeTree(
                                new P.NonVisualGroupShapeProperties(
                                    new P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() { Id = (UInt32Value)1U, Name = "" },
                                    new P.NonVisualGroupShapeDrawingProperties(),
                                    new ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties()),
                                new GroupShapeProperties(new TransformGroup()),
                                new P.Shape(
                                    new P.NonVisualShapeProperties(
                                        new P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() { Id = (UInt32Value)2U, Name = "Title 1" },
                                        new P.NonVisualShapeDrawingProperties(new ShapeLocks() { NoGrouping = true }),
                                        new ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties(new PlaceholderShape())),
                                    new P.ShapeProperties(),
                                    new P.TextBody(
                                        new BodyProperties(),
                                        new ListStyle(),
                                        new Paragraph(new EndParagraphRunProperties() { Language = "en-US" }))))),
                                new P.ColorMap() { Background1 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Light1, 
                                    Text1 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Dark1, 
                                    Background2 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Light2, 
                                    Text2 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Dark2, 
                                    Accent1 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent1, 
                                    Accent2 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent2, 
                                    Accent3 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent3, 
                                    Accent4 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent4, 
                                    Accent5 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent5, 
                                    Accent6 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent6, 
                                    Hyperlink = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Hyperlink, 
                                    FollowedHyperlink = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.FollowedHyperlink });
                return handoutMasterPart1;

Private Shared Function CreateHandoutMasterPart(ByVal presentationPart As PresentationPart) As HandoutMasterPart
        Dim handoutMasterPart1 As HandoutMasterPart = presentationPart.AddNewPart(Of HandoutMasterPart)("rId3")
        handoutMasterPart1.HandoutMaster = New HandoutMaster(New CommonSlideData(New ShapeTree(New  _
            P.NonVisualGroupShapeProperties(New P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() With { _
         .Id = DirectCast(1UI, UInt32Value), _
         .Name = "" _
        }, New P.NonVisualGroupShapeDrawingProperties(), New ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties()), New  _
            GroupShapeProperties(New TransformGroup()), New P.Shape(New P.NonVisualShapeProperties(New P.NonVisualDrawingProperties() With { _
         .Id = DirectCast(2UI, UInt32Value), _
         .Name = "Title 1" _
        }, New P.NonVisualShapeDrawingProperties(New ShapeLocks() With { _
         .NoGrouping = True _
        }), New ApplicationNonVisualDrawingProperties(New PlaceholderShape())), New P.ShapeProperties(), New  _
            P.TextBody(New BodyProperties(), New ListStyle(), New Paragraph(New EndParagraphRunProperties() With { _
         .Language = "en-US" _
        }))))), New P.ColorMap() With { _
         .Background1 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Light1, _
         .Text1 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Dark1, _
         .Background2 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Light2, _
         .Text2 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Dark2, _
         .Accent1 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent1, _
         .Accent2 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent2, _
         .Accent3 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent3, _
         .Accent4 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent4, _
         .Accent5 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent5, _
         .Accent6 = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Accent6, _
         .Hyperlink = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.Hyperlink, _
         .FollowedHyperlink = D.ColorSchemeIndexValues.FollowedHyperlink _
        Return handoutMasterPart1
    End Function

When the Open XML SDK 2.0 code is run, the following XML is written to the PresentationML document referenced in the code.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<p:handoutMaster xmlns:p="">
        <p:cNvPr id="1"
                 name="" />
        <p:cNvGrpSpPr />
        <p:nvPr />
        <a:xfrm xmlns:a="" />
          <p:cNvPr id="2"
                   name="Title 1" />
            <a:spLocks noGrp="1"
                       xmlns:a="" />
            <p:ph />
        <p:spPr />
          <a:bodyPr xmlns:a="" />
          <a:lstStyle xmlns:a="" />
          <a:p xmlns:a="">
            <a:endParaRPr lang="en-US" />
  <p:clrMap bg1="lt1"
            folHlink="folHlink" />