Compiler Error C2530


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The latest version of this topic can be found at Compiler Error C2530.

identifier' : references must be initialized

You must initialize a reference when it was declared, unless it is declared already:

  • With the keyword extern.

  • As a member of a class, structure, or union (and it is initialized in the constructor).

  • As a parameter in a function declaration or definition.

  • As the return type of a function.

The following sample generates C2530:

// C2530.cpp  
int main() {  
   int i = 0;  
   int &j;   // C2530  
   int &k = i;   // OK