How to: Define Data Fields in a LightSwitch Database
For the latest documentation on Visual Studio 2017, see Visual Studio 2017 Documentation.
You can add fields to an entity or a table in the LightSwitch database and modify the appearance and behavior of these fields.
This topic contains the following sections:
For a related video demonstration, see How Do I: Format Data on a Screen in a LightSwitch Application?.
You can add fields to a table. In an entity that's generated from an external data source, you can add computed fields only.
In Solution Explorer, open the shortcut menu for an entity or table, and then choose Open.
For applications that have been upgraded to Visual Studio 2012 Update 2, on the Perspective bar, choose the Server tab.
The entity or table opens in the Data Designer.
In the Name column, enter a name for the field.
In Type column, choose a data type for the new field. The following table describes each type.
Type Visual Basic Type C# Type Range Remarks Binary Byte() byte -128 to 127. An array of bytes that has a variable length. Boolean Boolean bool True or false. Date DateTime DateTime A DateTime that's treated as a date only. DateTime DateTime DateTime 12:00:00 AM, Jan 1, 0001 through 11:59:59 PM, Dec 31, 9999. DateTimeOffset DateTime DateTime A value that represents a date and time in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) format. Decimal Decimal decimal ±1.0 × 10<sup>−28</sup> to ±7.9 × 10<sup>28</sup>. A fixed decimal point with 28-29 significant digits; good for accounting numbers. Double Double double ±5.0e−324 to ±1.7e308. A floating decimal point with 15-16 digits precision; good for scientific numbers. Email Address String string A string that's treated as an email address. Guid String string A string that's formatted as a globally unique identifier (GUID). The value is automatically generated for each record. Image Byte() Byte A binary that's treated as an image. Short Integer Short short -32,768 to 32,767. A signed 16-bit integer. Integer Integer int -2147483647 to 2147483647. A signed 32-bit integer. Long Integer Long long -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 to 9,223,372,036,854,775,807. A signed 64-bit integer. Money Decimal decimal A decimal that's treated as a monetary value. Percent Decimal decimal A decimal that's treated as a percentage. Person String String A string that’s treated as a user identity. Phone Number String string A string that's treated as a phone number. String String string A sequence of zero or more Unicode characters that has a variable length. Web Address String string A string that's treated as a web address (URL).
If you want to require users to provide a value for this field, select the Required check box.
You can modify a field by editing its properties in the Properties window.
If the entity was generated from an external data source, you won't be able to edit some field properties because they reflect configuration settings of the data source.
You can't override those settings by changing field properties. You must make changes to these fields on the server and then import those changes into LightSwitch by refreshing the data source.
In the Data Designer, choose the field that you want to modify.
In the Properties window, set property values.