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Application.DLast Method (Access)

You can use the DLast function to return a random record from a particular field in a table or query when you simply need any value from that field. .

expression .DLast(Expr, Domain, Criteria)

expression A variable that represents an Application object.

Parameters

Name

Required/Optional

Data Type

Description

Expr

Required

String

An expression that identifies the field from which you want to find the first or last value. It can be either a string expression identifying a field in a table or query, or an expression that performs a calculation on data in that field. In expr, you can include the name of a field in a table, a control on a form, a constant, or a function. If expr includes a function, it can be either built-in or user-defined, but not another domain aggregate or SQL aggregate function.

Domain

Required

String

A string expression identifying the set of records that constitutes the domain.

Criteria

Optional

Variant

An optional string expression used to restrict the range of data on which the DLast function is performed. For example, criteria is often equivalent to the WHERE clause in an SQL expression, without the wrd WHERE. If criteria is omitted, the DLast function evaluates expr against the entire domain. Any field that is included in criteria must also be a field in domain; otherwise, the DLast function returns a Null.

Return Value

Variant

Note Note

If you want to return the first or last record in a set of records (a domain), you should create a query sorted as either ascending or descending and set the TopValues property to 1. From Visual Basic, you can also create an ADO Recordset object and use the MoveFirst or MoveLast method to return the first or last record in a set of records.


The following examples show how to use various types of criteria with the DLast function.

Sample code provided by: Community Member Icon The UtterAccess community | About the Contributors

    ' ***************************
    ' Typical Use
    ' Numerical values. Replace "number" with the number to use.
    variable = DLast("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = number")

    ' Strings.
    ' Numerical values. Replace "string" with the string to use.
    variable = DLast("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria]= 'string'")

    ' Dates. Replace "date" with the string to use.
    variable = DLast("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria]= #date#")
    ' ***************************

    ' ***************************
    ' Referring to a control on a form
    ' Numerical values
    variable = DLast("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = " & Forms!FormName!ControlName)

    ' Strings
    variable = DLast("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = '" & Forms!FormName!ControlName & "'")

    ' Dates
    variable = DLast("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria] = #" & Forms!FormName!ControlName & "#")
    ' ***************************

    ' ***************************
    ' Combinations
    ' Multiple types of criteria
    variable = DLast("[FieldName]", "TableName", "[Criteria1] = " & Forms![FormName]![Control1] _
             & " AND [Criteria2] = '" & Forms![FormName]![Control2] & "'" _
            & " AND [Criteria3] =#" & Forms![FormName]![Control3] & "#")
    
    ' Use two fields from a single record.
    variable = DLast("[LastName] & ', ' & [FirstName]", "tblPeople", "[PrimaryKey] = 7")
            
    ' Expressions
    variable = DLast("[Field1] + [Field2]", "tableName", "[PrimaryKey] = 7")
    
    ' Control Structures
    variable = DLast("IIf([LastName] Like 'Smith', 'True', 'False')", "tableName", "[PrimaryKey] = 7")
    ' ***************************

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