# WorksheetFunction.Price Method (Excel)

Office 2013 and later
 Contribute to this content Use GitHub to suggest and submit changes. See our guidelines for contributing to VBA documentation.

Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest.

## Syntax

expression .Price(Arg1, Arg2, Arg3, Arg4, Arg5, Arg6, Arg7)

expression A variable that represents a WorksheetFunction object.

### Parameters

Name

Required/Optional

Data Type

Description

Arg1

Required

Variant

Settlement - the security's settlement date. The security settlement date is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.

Arg2

Required

Variant

Maturity - the security's maturity date. The maturity date is the date when the security expires.

Arg3

Required

Variant

Rate - the security's annual coupon rate.

Arg4

Required

Variant

Yld - the security's annual yield.

Arg5

Required

Variant

Redemption - the security's redemption value per \$100 face value.

Arg6

Required

Variant

Frequency - the number of coupon payments per year. For annual payments, frequency = 1; for semiannual, frequency = 2; for quarterly, frequency = 4.

Arg7

Optional

Variant

Basis - the type of day count basis to use.

Double

## Remarks

Important

Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. For example, use DATE(2008,5,23) for the 23rd day of May, 2008. Problems can occur if dates are entered as text.

Basis

Day count basis

0 or omitted

US (NASD) 30/360

1

Actual/actual

2

Actual/360

3

Actual/365

4

European 30/360

• Microsoft Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39,448 days after January 1, 1900. Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh uses a different date system as its default.

Note

Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) calculates serial dates differently than Excel. In VBA, serial number 1 is December 31, 1899, rather than January 1, 1900.

• The settlement date is the date a buyer purchases a coupon, such as a bond. The maturity date is the date when a coupon expires. For example, suppose a 30-year bond is issued on January 1, 2008, and is purchased by a buyer six months later. The issue date would be January 1, 2008, the settlement date would be July 1, 2008, and the maturity date would be January 1, 2038, which is 30 years after the January 1, 2008, issue date.

• Settlement, maturity, frequency, and basis are truncated to integers.

• If settlement or maturity is not a valid date, PRICE returns the #VALUE! error value.

• If yld < 0 or if rate < 0, PRICE returns the #NUM! error value.

• If redemption ? 0, PRICE returns the #NUM! error value.

• If frequency is any number other than 1, 2, or 4, PRICE returns the #NUM! error value.

• If basis < 0 or if basis > 4, PRICE returns the #NUM! error value.

• If settlement ? maturity, PRICE returns the #NUM! error value.

• PRICE is calculated as follows: where: DSC = number of days from settlement to next coupon date. E = number of days in coupon period in which the settlement date falls. N = number of coupons payable between settlement date and redemption date. A = number of days from beginning of coupon period to settlement date.