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How Drivers Identify 32-Bit Callers

There are two ways for drivers to determine whether the originator of an IOCTL or FSCTL request is a 32-bit or 64-bit application. The first is for the application to identify itself. The second is for the driver to determine on its own whether the application is 32-bit or 64-bit.

The first technique involves defining a "64Bit" field in the IOCTL or FSCTL control code. This field contains a single bit, which is set only for 64-bit callers. Thus 64-bit callers identify themselves by using a separate set of 64-bit control codes in which this bit is set. 32-bit callers use a similar set of control codes in which this bit is not set.

The second technique permits 32- and 64-bit applications to continue using the same IOCTL or FSCTL codes. Instead, the driver determines whether the user-mode process is 32- or 64-bit by calling IoIs32bitProcess.

The first technique is more efficient, because the driver checks a bit flag instead of calling a kernel-mode routine. However, the second technique requires no changes to user-mode code. Which technique you should use depends on the requirements of your driver and the applications that send I/O requests to it.

 

 

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