The ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx routine transfers the ownership of an executive resource from the calling thread to an owner pointer, which is a system address that identifies the resource owner.
VOID ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx( _Inout_ PERESOURCE Resource, _In_ PVOID OwnerPointer, _In_ ULONG Flags );
- Resource [in, out]
A pointer to an executive resource (an opaque ERESOURCE structure) that is owned by the calling thread. The caller previously allocated this structure and initialized it by calling the ExInitializeResourceLite routine. For more information, see the following Remarks section.
- OwnerPointer [in]
A pointer value that identifies the resource owner. This parameter value is nominally a pointer to a value of type ERESOURCE_THREAD but is cast to type PVOID. The caller must set the two least significant bits of this pointer value to ones. For more information, see the following Remarks section.
- Flags [in]
A set of flags that can modify the operation of this routine. Set this parameter either to zero or to the following flag value:
If Flags = FLAG_OWNER_POINTER_IS_THREAD, OwnerPointer must point to a value of type ERESOURCE_THREAD, which is a pointer to an opaque thread object. If Flags = 0, OwnerPointer must point to a storage object in system memory that remains allocated until the resource is released. For more information, see the following Remarks section.
This routine is available in Windows 7 and later versions of the Windows operating system.
ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx enables a thread, which acts as a resource manager, to transfer ownership of an executive resource, which the thread has already acquired, to another thread, which then uses the resource. The executive resource is represented by an ERESOURCE structure.
The caller must set the two least significant bits of the OwnerPointer parameter value to ones. The operating system uses these bits internally to distinguish an owner pointer that has been set by an ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx call from a thread that has acquired a resource by calling the ExAcquireResourceExclusiveLite or ExAcquireResourceSharedLite routine.
The thread that calls ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx to transfer ownership of a resource must be the same thread that previously called the ExAcquireResourceXxxLite routine to acquire the resource.
If the resource-manager thread acquired the resource for exclusive access (by calling ExAcquireResourceExclusiveLite), the ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx call transfers exclusive-access ownership to the resource-user thread. If the resource-manager thread acquired the resource for shared access (by calling ExAcquireResourceSharedLite), the ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx call transfers shared-access ownership to the resource-user thread.
When the resource-user thread no longer needs the resource, the resource should be released. Typically, the resource-user thread releases the resource. To do so, it must call the ExReleaseResourceForThreadLite routine. In this call, the ThreadId parameter value must match the value of the OwnerPointer parameter (including the two least significant bits) in the previous ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx call that transferred ownership of the resource.
After a ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx call transfers ownership of a resource, the only other ERESOURCE routine that a driver can call for the specified resource is ExReleaseResourceForThreadLite. An attempt to call another ERESOURCE routine, such as ExReleaseResourceLite, for this resource is an error.
ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx can operate in two significantly different modes. The mode is specified by the Flags parameter. To select the more versatile of the two modes, set Flags = FLAG_OWNER_POINTER_IS_THREAD. This Flags value informs the operating system that the OwnerPointer parameter is a pointer to the thread object of the resource-manager thread. The operating system can, if necessary, use this information to temporarily boost the priority of this thread to avoid priority inversion. To obtain the thread object pointer to use for the OwnerPointer value, a driver can call the ExGetCurrentResourceThread routine. Remember to set the two least significant bits of the OwnerPointer value to ones.
If Flags is zero, the behavior of ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx is the same as that of the legacy ExSetResourceOwnerPointer routine, which is available in Windows 2000 and later versions of the Windows operating system. That is, the OwnerPointer parameter points to a storage object that the resource-manager thread allocates in system memory before it calls ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx. In this case, the object type and value are not relevant because ExSetResourceOwnerPointerEx does not attempt to access the object itself. Instead, the routine simply uses the memory address of the object to identify the resource owner. The storage for the object must begin at an even four-byte boundary in memory. To prevent two drivers from inadvertently using the same owner pointer at the same time, the resource-manager thread must not release the storage for the object until the resource is released.
For more information about managing executive resources, see Introduction to ERESOURCE Routines.
|Available in Windows 7 and later versions of the Windows operating system.|
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