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DIF_SELECTDEVICE

A DIF_SELECTDEVICE request allows an installer to participate in selecting the driver for a device.

When Sent

When choosing a driver for a newly enumerated device or a new driver for an existing device (change driver). For example, when a user selects Add/Remove Hardware and selects the modem class. Or, a user inserts a PnP device and selects "Choose a Driver From a List" in the Found New Hardware Wizard.

Who Handles

Class Co-installer

Can handle

Device Co-installer

Does not handle

Class Installer

Can handle

 

Installer Input

DeviceInfoSet

Supplies a handle to the device information set that contains the device for which a driver is to be selected. There is a device setup class associated with the DeviceInfoSet.

DeviceInfoData

Optionally supplies a pointer to an SP_DEVINFO_DATA structure that identifies the device in the device information set.

If DeviceInfoData is NULL, this request is to select a driver for the device setup class associated with the DeviceInfoSet.

Device Installation Parameters

If DeviceInfoData is not NULL, there are device installation parameters (SP_DEVINSTALL_PARAMS) associated with the DeviceInfoData. If DeviceInfoData is NULL, there are device installation parameters associated with the DeviceInfoSet.

Of particular interest is the DriverPath, which contains the location of INF(s) to use when building the driver list.

Class Installation Parameters

An SP_SELECTDEVICE_PARAMS structure is associated with the DeviceInfoData if DeviceInfoData is not NULL. Otherwise, the class installation parameters are associated with the device information set as a whole.

Installer Output

Device Installation Parameters

An installer can modify the device installation parameters. However, it should not modify the DriverPath field.

Class Installation Parameters

An installer can modify the SP_SELECTDEVICE_PARAMS. For example, an installer might specify a title and/or instructions for Windows to use in the dialog box that asks the user to select a driver.

If an installer sets new select-device parameters, versus modifying parameters set by a previous installer, the installer must zero the fields that it does not set.

Installer Return Value

If a co-installer does nothing for this DIF code, it returns NO_ERROR from its preprocessing pass. If a co-installer handles this DIF code, it should do so in its preprocessing pass and return NO_ERROR or a Win32 error code. By the time that a co-installer is called for postprocessing, the driver has already been selected.

If a class installer successfully handles this request and SetupDiCallClassInstaller should subsequently call the default handler, the class installer returns ERROR_DI_DO_DEFAULT.

If the class installer successfully handles this request, including directly calling the default handler, the class installer should return NO_ERROR and SetupDiCallClassInstaller will not subsequently call the default handler again.

Note   The class installer can directly call the default handler, but the class installer should never attempt to supersede the operations of the default handler.

For more information about calling the default handler, see Calling Default DIF Code Handlers.

If the class installer encounters an error, the installer should return an appropriate Win32 error code and SetupDiCallClassInstaller will not subsequently call the default handler.

A class installer returns ERROR_DI_BAD_PATH if the DriverPath member of the corresponding SP_DEVINSTALL_PARAMS structure is not equal to NULL, but there are no valid drivers at the specified path location. This can occur if there are no drivers at the path location or if there are drivers, but the Flags member of the SP_DRVINSTALL_PARAMS structure of each driver was set with the DN_BAD_DRIVER flag. In response to this error code, Windows displays an error to the user.

Default DIF Code Handler

SetupDiSelectDevice

Installer Operation

In response to a DIF_SELECTDEVICE request, an installer performs any selection operations required for its device or device class, besides what the default handler does. An installer typically responds to this DIF request in one of the following ways:

  • Do nothing.

    If an installer has no special selection requirements, it does nothing in response to this DIF code. A class installer returns ERROR_DI_DO_DEFAULT and a co-installer returns NO_ERROR.

  • Supply select strings that Windows will display in the selection UI.

    An installer can supply select strings in the class installation parameters (SP_SELECTDEVICE_PARAMS). For example, an installer can modify the Instructions or the window header Title.

    A class installer should not supply select strings if a co-installer already supplied select strings. The co-installer probably has more relevant information.

    If an installer modifies the SP_SELECTDEVICE_PARAMS, the installer must also set the DI_USECI_SELECTSTRINGS flag in the SP_DEVINSTALL_PARAMS.

    If an installer successfully supplies select strings, Windows still has to call the default handler. Therefore, in this case, a co-installer returns NO_ERROR and a class installer returns ERROR_DI_DO_DEFAULT.

  • Modify the device installation parameters.

    An installer can modify the device installation parameters (SP_DEVINSTALL_PARAMS). For example, an installer might set the DI_SHOWOEM flag to have Windows display the Have Disk button.

    If a class installer successfully modifies the device installation parameters, the class installer returns ERROR_DI_DO_DEFAULT.

  • Modify the list of drivers from which the user can select.

    This action is less common, but possible. An installer that modifies the driver list might, or might not, also supply select strings.

    An installer that modifies the driver list typically marks driver(s) that are inappropriate for the device. An installer marks such drivers with the flag DNF_BAD_DRIVER. Windows omits these drivers from the list it displays to the user.

    An installer marks bad drivers by following these steps:

    1. Build the driver list by calling SetupDiBuildDriverInfoList with a DriverType of SPDIT_CLASSDRIVER.
    2. Get the information about the first driver in the list by calling SetupDiEnumDriverInfo and SetupDiGetDriverInstallParams. If the driver is not appropriate for the device, set the DNF_BAD_DRIVER flag in the Flags field of the parameters. Apply the change to the parameters by calling SetupDiSetDriverInstallParams.
    3. Repeat the previous step until you have processed all the drivers in the list. Make sure that you increment the MemberIndex parameter to SetupDiEnumDriverInfo as described in the reference page for that function.

    An installer might set the DNF_BAD_DRIVER flag for one or more drivers in the driver list, but an installer must not clear that flag.

    If one or more installers successfully modify the driver list, Windows still has to call the default handler. Therefore, in this case, a co-installer returns NO_ERROR and a class installer returns ERROR_DI_DO_DEFAULT.

  • Display its own driver-selection user interface and set the selected driver.

    Only a class installer can display its own driver-selection user interface; co-installers must not. For example, a class installer might display pictures instead of textual lists.

    If the class installer successfully sets the selected driver, the class installer returns NO_ERROR and Windows does not call the default handler and therefore does not display the default selection interface.

    If a class installer only has to display its own interface during the Add Hardware Wizard, the class installer should handle the DIF_NEWDEVICEWIZARD_SELECT request instead of this request.

If the DI_ENUMSINGLEINF flag is set in the device installation parameters, the DriverPath is a path of a single INF file instead of a path of a directory. An installer must use only that single INF to build the driver list.

For more information about DIF codes, see Handling DIF Codes.

Requirements

Version

Supported in Microsoft Windows 2000 and later versions of Windows.

Header

Setupapi.h (include Setupapi.h)

See also

DIF_NEWDEVICEWIZARD_SELECT
SetupDiSelectDevice
SP_DEVINFO_DATA
SP_DEVINSTALL_PARAMS
SP_SELECTDEVICE_PARAMS

 

 

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