Using Events with the Document Object

The Document object supports several events that enable you to respond to the state of a document. You write procedures to respond to these events in the class module named "ThisDocument." Use the following steps to create an event procedure.

  1. Under your Normal project or document project in the Project Explorer window, double-click ThisDocument. (In Folder view, ThisDocument is located in the Microsoft Word Objects folder.)

  2. Select Document from the Object drop-down list box.An empty subroutine for the New event is added to the class module.

  3. Select an event from the Procedure drop-down list box. An empty subroutine for the selected event is added to the class module.

  4. Add the Visual Basic instructions you want to run when the event occurs.

The following example shows a New event procedure in the Normal project that will run when a new document based on the Normal template is created.

Private Sub Document_New() 
 MsgBox "New document was created" 
End Sub

The following example shows a Close event procedure in a document project that runs only when that document is closed.

Private Sub Document_Close() 
 MsgBox "Closing the document" 
End Sub

Unlike auto macros, event procedures in the Normal template do not have a global scope. For example, event procedures in the Normal template occur only if the attached template is the Normal template.

If an auto macro exists in a document and the attached template, only the auto macro stored in the document will execute. If an event procedure for a document event exists in a document and its attached template, both event procedures will run.

For information about creating event procedures for the Application object, see Using Events with the Application Object.