This method retrieves status information related to a given CFile object instance or a given file path.

BOOL GetStatus( 
   CFileStatus& rStatus  
) const; 
static BOOL PASCAL GetStatus( 
   LPCTSTR lpszFileName, 
   CFileStatus& rStatus, 
   CAtlTransactionManager* pTM = NULL 


A reference to a user-supplied CFileStatus structure that will receive the status information. The CFileStatus structure has the following fields:

  • CTime m_ctime   The date and time the file was created.

  • CTime m_mtime   The date and time the file was last modified.

  • CTime m_atime   The date and time the file was last accessed for reading.

  • ULONGLONG m_size   The logical size of the file in bytes, as reported by the DIR command.

  • BYTE m_attribute   The attribute byte of the file.

  • char m_szFullName[_MAX_PATH]   The absolute filename in the Windows character set.


A string in the Windows character set that is the path to the desired file. The path can be relative or absolute, or it can contain a network path name.


Pointer to CAtlTransactionManager object

TRUE if the status information for the specified file is successfully obtained; otherwise, FALSE.

The non-static version of GetStatus retrieves status information of the open file associated with the given CFile object. The static version of GetStatus obtains the file status from a given file path without actually opening the file. This is useful for testing the existence and access rights of a file.

The m_attribute member of the CFileStatus structure refers to the file attribute set. The CFile class provides the Attribute enumeration type so file attributes can be specified symbolically:

enum Attribute {

normal = 0x00,

readOnly = 0x01,

hidden = 0x02,

system = 0x04,

volume = 0x08,

directory = 0x10,

archive = 0x20


CFile cfile;
cfile.Open(_T("SetLength_File.dat"), CFile::modeCreate |
ULONGLONG dwNewLength = 10000;
CFileStatus status;
if(cfile.GetStatus(status))    // virtual member function
   TRACE(_T("File size = %u\n"), status.m_size);
TCHAR* pszFileName = _T("SetLength_File.dat");
if(CFile::GetStatus(pszFileName, status))   // static function
   TRACE(_T("Full file name = %s\n"), status.m_szFullName);

Header: afx.h

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