How to: Reflect Data Source Updates in a Windows Forms Control with the BindingSource

 

When you use data-bound controls, you sometimes have to respond to changes in the data source when the data source does not raise list-changed events. When you use the BindingSource component to bind your data source to a Windows Forms control, you can notify the control that your data source has changed by calling the ResetBindings method.

Example

The following code example demonstrates using the ResetBindings method to notify a bound control about an update in the data source.

using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Collections;


namespace System_Windows_Forms_UpdateBinding
{
	class Form1 : Form
	{
        // Declare the objects on the form.
        private Label label1;
        private Label label2;
        private TextBox textBox1;
        private TextBox textBox2;
        private Button button1;
        private BindingSource bindingSource1;
        ArrayList states;

		public Form1()
		{
            // Basic form setup.
            this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.textBox2 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 18);
            this.button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(119, 38);
            this.button1.Text = "RemoveAt(0)";
            this.button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
            this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(55, 75);
            this.textBox1.ReadOnly = true;
            this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(119, 20);
            this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 110);
            this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(43, 14);
            this.label1.Text = "Capital:";
            this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 78);
            this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(34, 14);
            this.label2.Text = "State:";
            this.textBox2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(55, 110);
            this.textBox2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(119, 20);
            this.textBox2.ReadOnly = true;
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 273);
            this.Controls.Add(this.textBox2);
            this.Controls.Add(this.label2);
            this.Controls.Add(this.label1);
            this.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
            this.Controls.Add(this.button1);
            this.Text = "Form1";

            // Create an ArrayList containing some of the State objects.
            states = new ArrayList();
            states.Add(new State("California", "Sacramento"));
            states.Add(new State("Oregon", "Salem"));
            states.Add(new State("Washington", "Olympia"));
            states.Add(new State("Idaho", "Boise"));
            states.Add(new State("Utah", "Salt Lake City"));
            states.Add(new State("Hawaii", "Honolulu"));
            states.Add(new State("Colorado", "Denver"));
            states.Add(new State("Montana", "Helena"));

            bindingSource1 = new BindingSource();

            // Bind BindingSource1 to the list of states.
            bindingSource1.DataSource = states;

            // Bind the two text boxes to properties of State.
            textBox1.DataBindings.Add("Text", bindingSource1, "Name");
            textBox2.DataBindings.Add("Text", bindingSource1, "Capital");
		}

        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // If items remain in the list, remove the first item. 
            if (states.Count > 0)
            {
                states.RemoveAt(0);

                // Call ResetBindings to update the textboxes.
                bindingSource1.ResetBindings(false);
            }
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());

        }

        // The State class to add to the ArrayList.
		private class State
		{
			private string stateName;
			public string Name 
			{
				get {return stateName;}
			}

			private string stateCapital;
			public string Capital 
			{
				get {return stateCapital;}
			}

			public State ( string name, string capital)
			{
                stateName = name;
                stateCapital = capital;
			}
		}

	}
}

Compiling the Code

This example requires:

  • References to the System, System.Drawing and System.Windows.Forms assemblies.

For information about building this example from the command line for Visual Basic or Visual C#, see Building from the Command Line (Visual Basic) or Command-line Building With csc.exe. You can also build this example in Visual Studio by pasting the code into a new project. Also see How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio.

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