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Int32.Parse Method (String, IFormatProvider)

Converts the string representation of a number in a specified culture-specific format to its 32-bit signed integer equivalent.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static int Parse(
	string s,
	IFormatProvider provider
)

Parameters

s
Type: System.String
A string containing a number to convert.
provider
Type: System.IFormatProvider
An IFormatProvider that supplies culture-specific formatting information about s.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
A 32-bit signed integer equivalent to the number specified in s.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

s is null.

FormatException

s is not of the correct format.

OverflowException

s represents a number less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue.

This overload of the Parse(String, IFormatProvider) method is typically used to convert text that can be formatted in a variety of ways to an Int32 value. For example, it can be used to convert the text entered by a user into an HTML text box to a numeric value.

The s parameter contains a number of the form:

[ws][sign]digits[ws]

Items in square brackets ([ and ]) are optional. The following table describes each element.

Element

Description

ws

Optional white space.

sign

An optional sign.

digits

A sequence of digits ranging from 0 to 9.

The s parameter is interpreted using the NumberStyles.Integer style. In addition to decimal digits, only leading and trailing spaces together with a leading sign are allowed. To explicitly define the style elements that can be present in s, use the Int32.Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider) method.

The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation, such as a NumberFormatInfo or CultureInfo object. The provider parameter supplies culture-specific information about the format of s. If provider is null, the NumberFormatInfo object for the current culture is used.

The following example illustrates the use of the Parse(String, IFormatProvider) method to parse a string. The method first attempts to parse the string using the current culture. If the parse operation fails, it attempts to parse the string using a neutral culture. If this parse operation fails, it attempts to parse the string using the invariant culture. Note that, in a real application, the Int32.TryParse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider, Int32) method is better suited for this purpose.


public static int GetInteger(string value)
{
   int number;
   CultureInfo culture = null;

   // Return if string is empty
   if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(value))
      throw new ArgumentNullException("The input string is invalid.");

   // Determine if value can be parsed using current culture.
   try
   {
      culture = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture;
      number = int.Parse(value, culture);
      return number;
   }
   catch {}
   // If Parse operation fails, see if there's a neutral culture.
   try {
      culture = culture.Parent;
      number = int.Parse(value, culture);
      return number;
   }   
   catch {}
   // If there is no neutral culture or if parse operation fails, use
   // the invariant culture.
   culture = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
   try {
      number = int.Parse(value, culture);
      return number;
   }
   // All attempts to parse the string have failed; rethrow the exception.
   catch (FormatException e)
   {
      throw new FormatException(String.Format("Unable to parse '{0}'.", value), 
                                e);
   }
}


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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