String.ToCharArray Method ()

 

Copies the characters in this instance to a Unicode character array.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Function ToCharArray As Char()

Return Value

Type: System.Char()

A Unicode character array whose elements are the individual characters of this instance. If this instance is an empty string, the returned array is empty and has a zero length.

This method copies each character (that is, each Char object) in a string to a character array. The first character copied is at index zero of the returned character array; the last character copied is at index Array.Length – 1.

To create a string from the characters in a character array, call the String(Char()) constructor.

To create a byte array that contains the encoded characters in a string, instantiate the appropriate Encoding object and call its Encoding.GetBytes(String) method. Some of the standard encodings available in the .NET Framework include the following:

Encoding

Object

ASCII

ASCIIEncoding

UTF-7

UTF7Encoding

UTF-8

UTF8Encoding

UTF-16

UnicodeEncoding

UTF-32

UTF32Encoding

For more information, see Character Encoding in the .NET Framework.

The following example calls the ToCharArray method to extract the characters in a string to a character array. It then displays the original string and the elements in the array.

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim s As String = "AaBbCcDd"
      Dim chars() = s.ToCharArray()
      Console.WriteLine("Original string: {0}", s)
      Console.WriteLine("Character array:")
      For ctr = 0 to chars.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0}: {1}", ctr, chars(ctr))
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Original string: AaBbCcDd
'     Character array:
'        0: A
'        1: a
'        2: B
'        3: b
'        4: C
'        5: c
'        6: D
'        7: d

The following example defines a string containing the characters that serve as delimiters in a delimited string. It then calls the ToCharArray method to create a character array that can be passed to the Split(Char()) method to separate the delimited string into its individual substrings.

Public Class StringSplit2
   Public Shared Sub Main()

      Dim delimStr As String = " ,.:"
      Dim delimiter As Char() = delimStr.ToCharArray()
      Dim words As String = "one two,three:four."
      Dim split As String() = Nothing

      Console.WriteLine("The delimiters are -{0}-", delimStr)
      Dim x As Integer
      For x = 1 To 5
         split = words.Split(delimiter, x)
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "count = {0,2} ..............", x)
         Dim s As String
         For Each s In  split
            Console.WriteLine("-{0}-", s)
         Next s
      Next x
   End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'       The delimiters are - ,.:-
'       count =  1 ..............
'       -one two,three:four.-
'       count =  2 ..............
'       -one-
'       -two,three:four.-
'       count =  3 ..............
'       -one-
'       -two-
'       -three:four.-
'       count =  4 ..............
'       -one-
'       -two-
'       -three-
'       -four.-
'       count =  5 ..............
'       -one-
'       -two-
'       -three-
'       -four-
'       --

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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