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MenuItem Constructor (String, EventHandler, Shortcut)

Initializes a new instance of the class with a specified caption, event handler, and associated shortcut key for the menu item.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public MenuItem(
	string text,
	EventHandler onClick,
	Shortcut shortcut


Type: System.String

The caption for the menu item.

Type: System.EventHandler

The EventHandler that handles the Click event for this menu item.

Type: System.Windows.Forms.Shortcut

One of the Shortcut values.

When you specify a caption for your menu item with the text parameter, you can also specify an access key by placing an '&' before the character to be used as the access key. For example, to specify the "F" in "File" as an access key, you would specify the caption for the menu item as "&File". You can use this feature to provide keyboard navigation for your menus. This constructor also enables you to specify a shortcut key in addition to an access key to provide keyboard navigation. Shortcut keys allow you to specify a combination of keys that can be used to activate the menu item.

Setting the text parameter to "-" causes your menu item to be displayed as a separator (a horizontal line) rather than a standard menu item.

In addition, you can use this constructor to specify a delegate that will handle the Click event for the menu item being created. The EventHandler that you pass to this constructor must be configured to call an event handler that can handle the Click event. For more information on handling events, see Events and Delegates.

The following code example creates an object with a specified caption, shortcut key, and an event handler connected to a method that will handle the event for the menu item.

public void CreateMyMenuItem()
   // Create a MenuItem with caption, shortcut key, and an event handler 
   // specified.
   MenuItem MenuItem1 = new MenuItem("&New",
       new System.EventHandler(this.MenuItem1_Click), Shortcut.CtrlL);

// The following method is an event handler for menuItem1 to use when 
// connecting the event handler. 
private void MenuItem1_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
   // Code goes here that handles the Click event.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0