Walkthrough: Customizing the Text View


The new home for Visual Studio documentation is Visual Studio 2017 Documentation on docs.microsoft.com.

The latest version of this topic can be found at Walkthrough: Customizing the Text View.

You can customize a text view by modifying any of the following properties in its editor-format map:

  • Indicator margin

  • Insertion caret

  • Overwrite caret

  • Selected text

  • Inactive selected text (that is, selected text that has lost focus)

  • Visible whitespace

Starting in Visual Studio 2015, you do not install the Visual Studio SDK from the download center. It is included as an optional feature in Visual Studio setup. You can also install the VS SDK later on. For more information, see Installing the Visual Studio SDK.

  1. Create a C# VSIX project. (In the New Project dialog, select Visual C# / Extensibility, then VSIX Project.) Name the solution ViewPropertyTest.

  2. Add an Editor Classifier item template to the project. For more information, see Creating an Extension with an Editor Item Template.

  3. Delete the existing class files.

  1. Add a class file and name it ViewPropertyModifier.

  2. Add the following using directives:

    using System;
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Windows;
    using System.Windows.Media;
    using System.ComponentModel.Composition;
    using Microsoft.VisualStudio.Text.Classification;
    using Microsoft.VisualStudio.Text.Editor;
    using Microsoft.VisualStudio.Utilities;

  3. Declare a class named TestViewCreationListener that inherits from IWpfTextViewCreationListener. Export this class with the following attributes:

    internal class TestViewCreationListener : IWpfTextViewCreationListener

  4. In this class, import the IEditorFormatMapService.

        internal IEditorFormatMapService FormatMapService = null;

  1. Implement the TextViewCreated method so that the view properties are changed when the view is opened. To make the change, first find the ResourceDictionary that corresponds to the aspect of the view you want to find. Then change the appropriate property in the resource dictionary and set the properties. Batch the calls to the SetProperties method by calling the BeginBatchUpdate method before you set the properties and then the EndBatchUpdate after you set the properties.

        public void TextViewCreated(IWpfTextView textView)
            IEditorFormatMap formatMap = FormatMapService.GetEditorFormatMap(textView);
            ResourceDictionary regularCaretProperties = formatMap.GetProperties("Caret");
            ResourceDictionary overwriteCaretProperties = formatMap.GetProperties("Overwrite Caret");
            ResourceDictionary indicatorMargin = formatMap.GetProperties("Indicator Margin");
            ResourceDictionary visibleWhitespace = formatMap.GetProperties("Visible Whitespace");
            ResourceDictionary selectedText = formatMap.GetProperties("Selected Text");
            ResourceDictionary inactiveSelectedText = formatMap.GetProperties("Inactive Selected Text");
            regularCaretProperties[EditorFormatDefinition.ForegroundBrushId] = Brushes.Magenta;
            formatMap.SetProperties("Caret", regularCaretProperties);
            overwriteCaretProperties[EditorFormatDefinition.ForegroundBrushId] = Brushes.Turquoise;
            formatMap.SetProperties("Overwrite Caret", overwriteCaretProperties);
            indicatorMargin[EditorFormatDefinition.BackgroundColorId] = Colors.LightGreen;
            formatMap.SetProperties("Indicator Margin", indicatorMargin);
            visibleWhitespace[EditorFormatDefinition.ForegroundColorId] = Colors.Red;
            formatMap.SetProperties("Visible Whitespace", visibleWhitespace);
            selectedText[EditorFormatDefinition.BackgroundBrushId] = Brushes.LightPink;
            formatMap.SetProperties("Selected Text", selectedText);
            inactiveSelectedText[EditorFormatDefinition.BackgroundBrushId] = Brushes.DeepPink;
            formatMap.SetProperties("Inactive Selected Text", inactiveSelectedText);

  1. Build the solution.

    When you run this project in the debugger, a second instance of Visual Studio is instantiated.

  2. Create a text file and type some text.

    • The insertion caret should be magenta and the overwrite caret should be turquoise.

    • The indicator margin (to the left of the text view) should be light green.

  3. Select the text you just typed. The color of the selected text should be light pink.

  4. While the text is selected, click anywhere outside the text window. The color of the selected text should be dark pink.

  5. Turn on visible whitespace. (On the Edit menu, point to Advanced and then click View White Space). Type some tabs in the text. Red arrows that represent the tabs should be displayed.

Language Service and Editor Extension Points