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How to: Create a Test Runner Codeunit

You can create test runner codeunits to manage the execution of test codeunits and to integrate with test management or test reporting frameworks.

To create a test runner codeunit

  1. In the development environment, on the Tools menu, choose Object Designer.

  2. In Object Designer, choose Codeunit, and then choose New.

  3. On the View menu, choose Properties.

  4. In the Properties window, in the Subtype field, select TestRunner to specify that this is a test runner codeunit.

  5. In the TestIsolation field, specify which changes to the that you want to roll back. You can choose from the following values:

    • Disabled

    • Codeunit

    • Function

    For more information, see TestIsolation Property.

  6. In the C/AL Editor, in the OnRun function, enter code to run the test codeunits. For example, the following code in the OnRun function of a test runner codeunit runs three test codeunits.

    CODEUNIT.RUN(CODEUNIT::CustomerDiscount); 
    CODEUNIT.RUN(CODEUNIT::TaxCalculationTest); 
    CODEUNIT.RUN(CODEUNIT::ItemCostingTest); 
    
    Ee414226.note(en-us,NAV.70).gifNote
    You may want to define your test suite in a table and then write code in the OnRun function of the test runner codeunit to iterate through items in the table and run each test codeunit.

  7. (optional) To create an OnBeforeTestRun trigger, do the following steps:

    1. On the View menu, choose C/AL Globals.

    2. In the C/AL Globals window, on the Functions tab, on a new line in the Name field, enter OnBeforeTestRun, and then choose Locals.

    3. In the C/AL Locals window, on the Parameters tab, enter the following.

      Name DataType Length

      CodeunitID

      Integer

       

      CodeunitName

      Text

      30

      FunctionName

      Text

      128

    4. In the C/AL Locals window, on the Return Value tab, enter the following.

      Name Return type

      OK

      Boolean

    5. Close the C/AL Locals window.

    6. In the C/AL Editor, in the OnBeforeTestRun trigger, enter code that executes before each test function. Typically, the code in the OnBeforeTestRun function determines if the test function should execute and returns true if it should. Otherwise, the trigger returns false. The OnBeforeTestRun trigger may also initialize logging variables. For example, the following code initializes a logging variable and returns true to indicate that the test function should execute. This example requires that you create the following global variable.

      Name DataType

      Before

      DateTime

      Before := CURRENTDATETIME;
      EXIT(true);
      
  8. (optional) Do the following steps to create an OnAfterTestRun trigger:

    1. On the View menu, choose C/AL Globals.

    2. In the C/AL Globals window, on the Functions tab, on a new line in the Name field, enter OnAfterTestRun, and then choose Locals.

    3. In the C/AL Locals window, on the Parameters tab, enter the following.

      Name DataType Length

      CodeunitID

      Integer

       

      CodeunitName

      Text

      30

      FunctionName

      Text

      128

      Success

      Boolean

       

    4. Close the C/AL Locals window.

    5. In the C/AL Editor, in the OnAfterTestRun trigger, enter code that executes after each test function. For example, the following code logs the results of the tests to the test reporting system. This example requires that you create a record variable named log.

      log.INIT;
      log.UnitId := CodeunitId;
      log.Unit := CodeunitName;
      log.Func := FunctionName;
      log.Before := Before;
      log.After := CURRENTDATETIME;
      If Success THEN
        log.Status := log.Status::Success
      ELSE BEGIN
        log.Status := log.Status::Failure;
        IF FunctionName <> '' THEN
          log.Message := GETLASTERRORTEXT;
      END
      log.INSERT(true);
      
      Ee414226.note(en-us,NAV.70).gifNote
      If you implement the OnAfterTestRun trigger, then it suppresses the automatic display of the results message after the test codeunit runs.

  9. On the File menu, choose Save.

  10. In the Save As window, in the ID field, enter an ID and in the Name field, enter a name for the codeunit. Verify that the Compiled check box is selected, and then choose OK.

See Also

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