Complex.Equals Method (Complex)

 

Returns a value that indicates whether the current instance and a specified complex number have the same value.

Namespace:   System.Numerics
Assembly:  System.Numerics (in System.Numerics.dll)

public bool Equals(
	Complex value
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.Numerics.Complex

The complex number to compare.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if this complex number and value have the same value; otherwise, false.

The Equals(Complex) method provides the IEquatable<T> implementation for the Complex structure. It performs slightly better than Equals(Object) method because it does not have to convert its parameter to a complex number.

Two complex numbers are equal if their real parts are equal and their imaginary parts are equal. The Equals(Complex) method is equivalent to the following expression:

return this.Real.Equals(value) && this.Imaginary.Equals(value);      

Notes to Callers:

Use the Equals method with caution, because two values that are apparently equivalent can be considered unequal due to the differing precision of their real and imaginary components. The following example reports that (3.33333, 0.142857) and (10/3, 1/7) are not equal.

System.Numerics.Complex c1 = new System.Numerics.Complex(3.33333, .142857);
System.Numerics.Complex c2 = new System.Numerics.Complex(10/3.0, 1.0/7);
Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}: {2}", c1, c2, c1.Equals(c2));       
// The example displays the following output:
//    (3.33333, 0.142857) = (3.33333333333333, 0.142857142857143): False

One recommended technique is to define an acceptable margin of difference between the two values (such as .01% of one of the values' real and imaginary components) instead of comparing the values for equality. If the absolute value of the difference between the two values is less than or equal to that margin, the difference is likely to be due to a difference in precision, and, therefore, the values are likely to be equal. The following example uses this technique to compare the two complex values that the previous code example found to be unequal. It finds the two complex numbers to be equal.

System.Numerics.Complex c1 = new System.Numerics.Complex(3.33333, .142857);
System.Numerics.Complex c2 = new System.Numerics.Complex(10/3.0, 1.0/7);
double difference = .0001;

// Compare the values
bool result = (Math.Abs(c1.Real - c2.Real) <= c1.Real * difference) &
              (Math.Abs(c1.Imaginary - c2.Imaginary) <= c1.Imaginary * difference);
Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}: {2}", c1, c2, result);       
// The example displays the following output:
//    (3.33333, 0.142857) = (3.33333333333333, 0.142857142857143): True

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 4.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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