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Complex.ToString Method (String)

Converts the value of the current complex number to its equivalent string representation in Cartesian form by using the specified format for its real and imaginary parts.

Namespace:  System.Numerics
Assembly:  System.Numerics (in System.Numerics.dll)

Public Function ToString ( _
	format As String _
) As String


Type: System.String
A standard or custom numeric format string.

Return Value

Type: System.String
The string representation of the current instance in Cartesian form.


format is not a valid format string.

The string representation of the complex number returned by this method displays the number using its Cartesian coordinates in the form (a, b), where a is the real part of the complex number, and b is its imaginary part. Both a and b are formatted using the format string specified by format. The format parameter can be any valid standard numeric format specifier, or any combination of custom numeric format specifiers. If format is equal to String.Empty or is Nothing, the real and imaginary parts of the complex number are formatted with the general format specifier ("G"). If format is any other value, the method throws a FormatException.

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following topics:

The format of the returned string is determined by the NumberFormatInfo object for the current culture. Depending on the format parameter, this object controls symbols such as the negative sign, the group separator, and the decimal point symbol in the output string. To provide formatting information for cultures other than the current culture, call the ToString(String, IFormatProvider) overload.

The following example initializes a complex number and displays it using several standard format strings.

Imports System.Numerics

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim c() As Complex = { New Complex(17.3, 14.1), 
                             New Complex(-18.9, 147.2), 
                             New Complex(13.472, -18.115), 
                             New Complex(-11.154, -17.002) }
      Dim formats() As String = { "F2", "N2", "G5" } 

      For Each c1 As Complex In c
         For Each format As String In formats
            Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}    ", format, c1.ToString(format))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       F2: (17.30, 14.10)
'       N2: (17.30, 14.10)
'       G5: (17.3, 14.1)
'       F2: (-18.90, 147.20)
'       N2: (-18.90, 147.20)
'       G5: (-18.9, 147.2)
'       F2: (13.47, -18.12)
'       N2: (13.47, -18.12)
'       G5: (13.472, -18.115)
'       F2: (-11.15, -17.00)
'       N2: (-11.15, -17.00)
'       G5: (-11.154, -17.002)

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.