1.1 Glossary

This document uses the following terms:

Attachment object: A set of properties that represents a file, Message object, or structured storage that is attached to a Message object and is visible through the attachments table for a Message object.

contact: A person, company, or other entity that is stored in a directory and is associated with one or more unique identifiers and attributes (2), such as an Internet message address or login name.

cyclic redundancy check (CRC): An algorithm used to produce a checksum (a small, fixed number of bits) against a block of data, such as a packet of network traffic or a block of a computer file. The CRC is a broad class of functions used to detect errors after transmission or storage. A CRC is designed to catch random errors, as opposed to intentional errors. If errors might be introduced by a motivated and intelligent adversary, a cryptographic hash function should be used instead.

Embedded Message object: A Message object that is stored as an Attachment object within another Message object.

globally unique identifier (GUID): A term used interchangeably with universally unique identifier (UUID) in Microsoft protocol technical documents (TDs). Interchanging the usage of these terms does not imply or require a specific algorithm or mechanism to generate the value. Specifically, the use of this term does not imply or require that the algorithms described in [RFC4122] or [C706] must be used for generating the GUID. See also universally unique identifier (UUID).

little-endian: Multiple-byte values that are byte-ordered with the least significant byte stored in the memory location with the lowest address.

Message object: A set of properties that represents an email message, appointment, contact, or other type of personal-information-management object. In addition to its own properties, a Message object contains recipient properties that represent the addressees to which it is addressed, and an attachments table that represents any files and other Message objects that are attached to it.

message store: A unit of containment for a single hierarchy of Folder objects, such as a mailbox or public folders.

name identifier: The identifier that is used to refer to a named property. It can be either a LONG numerical value or a Unicode string. It is represented by the Kind member variable of the PropertyName structure, depending on the value of the Kind member variable.

named property: A property that is identified by both a GUID and either a string name or a 32-bit identifier.

named property mapping: A process that converts PropertyName structures to property IDs and vice-versa. Named properties can be referred to by their PropertyName. However, before accessing the property on a specific message store, named properties need to be mapped to property IDs that are valid for that message store. The reverse is also true. When properties need to be copied across message stores, property IDs that are valid for the source message store need to be mapped to their PropertyName structures before they can be sent to the destination message store.

non-Unicode: A character set (1) that has a restricted set of glyphs, such as Shift_JIS or ISO-2022-JP.

numerical named property: A named property that has a numerical name identifier, which is stored in the LID field of a PropertyName structure.

property ID: A 16-bit numeric identifier of a specific attribute (1). A property ID does not include any property type information.

property name: A string that, in combination with a property set, identifies a named property.

property set: A set of attributes (1), identified by a GUID. Granting access to a property set grants access to all the attributes in the set.

property tag: A 32-bit value that contains a property type and a property ID. The low-order 16 bits represent the property type. The high-order 16 bits represent the property ID.

property type: A 16-bit quantity that specifies the data type of a property value.

Recipient object: A set of properties that represent the recipient of a Message object.

storage: An element of a compound file that is a unit of containment for one or more storages and streams, analogous to directories in a file system, as described in [MS-CFB].

stream: An element of a compound file, as described in [MS-CFB]. A stream contains a sequence of bytes that can be read from or written to by an application, and they can exist only in storages.

string named property: A named property that has a Unicode string as a name identifier, which is stored in the Name field of a PropertyName structure. A string named property can have any property type; "string" refers only to its name identifier.

tagged property: A property that is defined by a 16-bit property ID and a 16-bit property type. The property ID for a tagged property is in the range 0x001 – 0x7FFF. Property IDs in the range 0x8000 – 0x8FFF are reserved for assignment to named properties.

Unicode: A character encoding standard developed by the Unicode Consortium that represents almost all of the written languages of the world. The Unicode standard [UNICODE5.0.0/2007] provides three forms (UTF-8, UTF-16, and UTF-32) and seven schemes (UTF-8, UTF-16, UTF-16 BE, UTF-16 LE, UTF-32, UTF-32 LE, and UTF-32 BE).

MAY, SHOULD, MUST, SHOULD NOT, MUST NOT: These terms (in all caps) are used as defined in [RFC2119]. All statements of optional behavior use either MAY, SHOULD, or SHOULD NOT.