25 W

web analyzer: An entity that is part of a search service application and is used to assess the relevancy of anchor text in an item.

web analyzer view: A set of crawl collections that is subject to link analysis and anchor text aggregation. A crawl collection can be a member of more than one web analyzer view.

web application: (1) A container in a configuration database that stores administrative settings and entry-point URLs for site collections.

(2) A software application that uses HTTP as its core communication protocol and delivers information to the user by using web-based languages such as HTML and XML.

(3) A collection of URLs that share a server execution environment. This collection is defined relative to a root URL. A web application runs in response to HTTP requests for the URLs in the collection. The process or processes that run in response to such an HTTP request are termed the application host.

web application identifier: (1) A GUID that identifies a web application.

(2) Each ASP.NET application running on a web server is uniquely identified with a web application identifier. The web application identifier is the virtual path of the web application on the web server. A web application identifier is used as part of the identifying key on a state server when storing and retrieving session data for a specific browser session.

web bot: See bot.

web browser requestor: An HTTP 1.1 web browser client that transmits protocol messages between an IP/STS and a relying party.

web component: Any component, such as a bitmap, image, Java applet, or ActiveX control, that can be inserted into a webpage.

web crawler: A search component that traverses websites, downloads content from those sites, and submits that content for indexing.

web discussion: A component and add-in that enables users to enter comments about documents and pages without modifying the actual content of those documents or pages.

web discussion comment: An individual comment that is added to a web discussion.

Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Protocol (WebDAV): The Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Protocol, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918].

Web Distribution Point (WDP): A location on a server where offline address book (OAB) files are published for web distribution. A client can discover the URI of a WDP by using the Autodiscover Publishing and Lookup Protocol, as described in [MS-OXDSCLI].

web log: See blog (1).

web log posting: A message that is submitted to a blog (1).

web query: An external data connection that retrieves a table from a website and inserts table data into a workbook.

web server: A server computer that hosts websites and responds to requests from applications.

web service: (1) A unit of application logic that provides data and services to other applications and can be called by using standard Internet transport protocols such as HTTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), or File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Web services can perform functions that range from simple requests to complicated business processes.

(2) A software entity that responds to SOAP messages ([SOAP1.1],.[WSDL]).

web service (WS) resource: A destination HTTP 1.1 web application or an HTTP 1.1 resource serviced by the application. In the context of this protocol, it refers to the application or manager of the resource that receives identity information and assertions issued by an IP/STS using this protocol. The WS resource is a relying party in the context of this protocol. For more information, see [WSFedPRP] sections 1.4 and 2.

web service method: A procedure that is exposed to web service clients as an operation that can be called on the web service. Also referred to as web method.

Web Services Description Language (WSDL): An XML format for describing network services as a set of endpoints that operate on messages that contain either document-oriented or procedure-oriented information. The operations and messages are described abstractly and are bound to a concrete network protocol and message format in order to define an endpoint. Related concrete endpoints are combined into abstract endpoints, which describe a network service. WSDL is extensible, which allows the description of endpoints and their messages regardless of the message formats or network protocols that are used.

web ticket: A security token that is sent by a protocol client to a web application during authentication (2). The security token can be included in either the body or the header of an HTTP message.

WebDAV client: A computer that uses WebDAV, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918], to retrieve data from a WebDAV server.

WebDAV server: A computer that supports WebDAV, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918], and responds to requests from WebDAV clients.

web-only view: A view of a workbook from within a web browser.

website: (1) A group of related webpages that is hosted by a server on the World Wide Web or an intranet. Each website has its own entry points, metadata, administration settings, and workflows. Also referred to as site.

(2) A group of related pages and data within a SharePoint site collection. The structure and content of a site is based on a site definition. Also referred to as SharePoint site and site.

week independent: A BYDAY recurrence part that does not specify any week numbers.

well-known endpoint: A preassigned, network-specific, stable address for a particular client/server instance. For more information, see [C706].

Windows Metafile Format (WMF): A vector graphics format for Windows-compatible computers. Windows Metafile Format is used primarily as a clip-art format in word-processing documents.

Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Binary XML (WBXML): A compact binary representation of XML that is designed to reduce the transmission size of XML documents over narrowband communication channels.

work: The set of state changes that are applied to resources inside an atomic transaction.

working hours: Times of the day that are valid for meetings to be considered for an attendee.

workspace: A set of remote resources, such as remote applications and desktops, which are published to end users.

WSDL message: An abstract, typed definition of the data that is communicated during a WSDL operation, as described in [WSDL].

WSDL operation: A single action or function of a web service. The execution of a WSDL operation typically requires the exchange of messages between the service requestor and the service provider.

WSDL port type: A named set of logically-related, abstract Web Services Description Language (WSDL) operations and messages.

WS-Management: A public standard SOAP-based protocol for sharing management data among all operating systems, computers, and devices.