9 G

game: An application that uses a DirectPlay protocol to communicate between computers.

game session: The metadata associated with the collection of computers participating in a single instance of a computer game.

Gateway Address Routing Table (GWART): A list of values that specifies the address types that are supported by transport gateways.

GC: See global catalog (GC).

Generic Security Services (GSS): An Internet standard, as described in [RFC2743], for providing security services to applications. It consists of an application programming interface (GSS-API) set, as well as standards that describe the structure of the security data.

ghosted: (1) A property that is not deleted by the server if the element is not included in a Sync <Change> request message. By default, elements that are not included in a Sync <Change> request are deleted from the store.

(2) See uncustomized.

ghosted folder: A folder whose contents are located on another server.

Global Address List (GAL): An address list that conceptually represents the default address list for an address book.

global catalog (GC): A unified partial view of multiple naming contexts (NCs) in a distributed partitioned directory. The Active Directory directory service GC is implemented by GC servers. The definition of global catalog is specified in [MS-ADTS] section 3.1.1.1.8.

global catalog server (GC server): A domain controller (DC) that contains a naming context (NC) replica (one full, the rest partial) for each domain naming context in the forest.

global counter: A 6-byte value that is incremented automatically. If a global counter is paired with a REPLID it forms a message ID (MID), folder ID (FID), or change number. If a global counter is paired with a REPLGUID it forms a global identifier.

global directory: A globally accessible database containing entries that correlate servers, databases, and user mailboxes. The server uses the correlated data to determine, for a specific user, which server and database to access for a private mailbox logon or a public folder logon. The global directory also contains other pertinent configuration information that is crucial to the overall operation of the client/server deployment. Active Directory can be used for the global directory, but the implementer determines what to use for the global directory.

global identifier: A form of encoding for an internal identifier that makes it unique across all stores. Global identifiers are a subset of external identifiers, and they consist of a REPLGUID followed by a 6-byte global counter.

global partition: The default, required partition on a COMA server.

global version sequence number (GVSN): A pair of numbers that includes the machine identifier and the version sequence number (VSN). While two machines might assign the same VSN, because they have different machine identifiers, the associated GVSNs differ. A GVSN is used to identify a unique version of a unique resource. In other words, no two different resources are ever assigned the same GVSN, and no two different updates to the same resource are ever assigned the same GVSN.

Global Version Sequence Numbers (GVSN): A GVSN is a pair: Machine identifier and version sequence number (VSN). Although two machines might assign the same VSN, because they have different machine identifiers, the associated GVSNs differ. A GVSN is used to identify a unique version of a unique resource. In other words, no two different resources ever get assigned the same GVSN, and no two different updates to the same resource ever get assigned the same GVSN.

Globally Routable User Agent URI (GRUU): A URI that identifies a user agent and is globally routable. A URI possesses a GRUU property if it is useable by any user agent client (UAC) that is connected to the Internet, routable to a specific user agent instance, and long-lived.

globally unique identifier (GUID): A term used interchangeably with universally unique identifier (UUID) in Microsoft protocol technical documents (TDs). Interchanging the usage of these terms does not imply or require a specific algorithm or mechanism to generate the value. Specifically, the use of this term does not imply or require that the algorithms specified in [RFC4122] or [C706] must be used for generating the GUID. See also universally unique identifier (UUID).

graph: A set of connected nodes.

graph maintenance: The process by which each node attempts to improve its connectivity within the graph.

group: (1) An element that can contain fields and other groups in the data source for an InfoPath form. Controls that contain other controls, such as repeating tables and sections, are bound to groups.

(2) A named collection of users who share similar access permissions or roles.

(3) A named collection of quick links, colleagues, or memberships for the purpose of organization.

(4) A process of combining similar elements into a set in accordance with logical criteria. It is frequently used to combine sets of data from Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) databases or PivotTable reports.

(5) A collection of objects that can be treated as a whole.

(6) A collection of players within a game session. Typically, players are placed in a group when they serve a common purpose.

(7) A graph in which each node implements the group security model.

(8) A cluster group is a container for zero or more clusterresources, when referring to cluster groups. Groups enable resources to be combined into larger logical units and are owned by only one node in the cluster at a time.

(9) A group object.

group header: A navigation shortcut that groups other navigation shortcuts.

group object: (1) A database object that represents a collection of user and group objects and has a security identifier (SID) value.

(2) In Active Directory, a group object has an object class group. A group has a forward link attribute member; the values of this attribute (2) either represent elements of the group (for example, objects of class user or computer) or subsets of the group (objects of class group). The back link attribute memberOf enables navigation from group members to the groups containing them. Some groups represent groups of security principals and some do not and are, for instance, used to represent email distribution lists.

(3) A database object that represents a collection of user and group objects and has a security identifier (SID) value.

(4) In Active Directory, a group object has an object class group. A group has a forward link attribute member; the values of this attribute either represent elements of the group (for example, objects of class user or computer) or subsets of the group (objects of class group). The representation of group subsets is called "nested group membership" .The back link attribute memberOf enables navigation from group members to the groups containing them. Some groups represent groups of security principals and some do not and are, for instance, used to represent email distribution lists.

Group Policy Object (GPO): A collection of administrator-defined specifications of the policy settings that can be applied to groups of computers in a domain. Each GPO includes two elements: an object that resides in the Active Directory for the domain, and a corresponding file system subdirectory that resides on the sysvol DFS share of the Group Policy server for the domain.

GUID: (1) A term used interchangeably with universally unique identifier (UUID) in Microsoft protocol technical documents (TDs). Interchanging the use of these terms does not imply or require a specific algorithm or mechanism to generate the value. Specifically, the use of this term does not imply or require that the algorithms described in [RFC4122] or [C706] need to be used to generate the GUID. See also universally unique identifier (UUID).

(2) See globally unique identifier (GUID).

GUIDString: A GUID in the form of an ASCII or Unicode string, consisting of one group of 8 hexadecimal digits, followed by three groups of 4 hexadecimal digits each, followed by one group of 12 hexadecimal digits. It is the standard representation of a GUID, as described in [RFC4122] section 3. For example, "6B29FC40-CA47-1067-B31D-00DD010662DA". Unlike a curly braced GUID string, a GUIDString is not enclosed in braces.

Show: