CDaoRecordset::AddNew

Call this member function to add a new record to a table-type or dynaset-type recordset.

virtual void AddNew( );

The record's fields are initially Null. (In database terminology, Null means "having no value" and is not the same as NULL in C++.) To complete the operation, you must call the Update member function. Update saves your changes to the data source.

Caution note Caution

If you edit a record and then scroll to another record without calling Update, your changes are lost without warning.

If you add a record to a dynaset-type recordset by calling AddNew, the record is visible in the recordset and included in the underlying table where it becomes visible to any new CDaoRecordset objects.

The position of the new record depends on the type of recordset:

  • In a dynaset-type recordset, where the new record is inserted is not guaranteed. This behavior changed with Microsoft Jet 3.0 for reasons of performance and concurrency. If your goal is to make the newly added record the current record, get the bookmark of the last modified record and move to that bookmark:

    rs.SetBookmark(rs.GetLastModifiedBookmark());
    
  • In a table-type recordset for which an index has been specified, records are returned in their proper place in the sort order. If no index has been specified, new records are returned at the end of the recordset.

The record that was current before you used AddNew remains current. If you want to make the new record current and the recordset supports bookmarks, call SetBookmark to the bookmark identified by the LastModified property setting of the underlying DAO recordset object. Doing so is useful for determining the value for counter (auto-increment) fields in an added record. For more information, see GetLastModifiedBookmark.

If the database supports transactions, you can make your AddNew call part of a transaction. For more information about transactions, see class CDaoWorkspace. Note that you should call CDaoWorkspace::BeginTrans before calling AddNew.

It is illegal to call AddNew for a recordset whose Open member function has not been called. A CDaoException is thrown if you call AddNew for a recordset that cannot be appended. You can determine whether the recordset is updateable by calling CanAppend.

The framework marks changed field data members to ensure they will be written to the record on the data source by the DAO record field exchange (DFX) mechanism. Changing the value of a field generally sets the field dirty automatically, so you will seldom need to call SetFieldDirty yourself, but you might sometimes want to ensure that columns will be explicitly updated or inserted regardless of what value is in the field data member. The DFX mechanism also employs the use of PSEUDO NULL. For more information, see CDaoFieldExchange::m_nOperation.

If the double-buffering mechanism is not being used, then changing the value of the field does not automatically set the field as dirty. In this case, it will be necessary to explicitly set the field dirty. The flag contained in m_bCheckCacheForDirtyFields controls this automatic field checking.

Note Note

If records are double-buffered (that is, automatic field checking is enabled), calling CancelUpdate will restore the member variables to the values they had before AddNew or Edit was called.

For related information, see the topics "AddNew Method", "CancelUpdate Method", "LastModified Property", and "EditMode Property" in DAO Help.

Header: afxdao.h

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