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Important This document may not represent best practices for current development, links to downloads and other resources may no longer be valid. Current recommended version can be found here.

reinterpret_cast Operator

Allows any pointer to be converted into any other pointer type.


reinterpret_cast < type-id > ( expression )

The reinterpret_cast operator also allows any integral type to be converted into any pointer type and vice versa. Misuse of the reinterpret_cast operator can easily be unsafe. Unless the desired conversion is inherently low-level, you should use one of the other cast operators.

The reinterpret_cast operator can be used for conversions such as char* to int*, or One_class* to Unrelated_class*, which are inherently unsafe.

The result of a reinterpret_cast cannot safely be used for anything other than being cast back to its original type. Other uses are, at best, nonportable.

The reinterpret_cast operator cannot cast away the const, volatile, or __unaligned attributes. See const_cast Operator for information on removing these attributes.

The reinterpret_cast operator converts a null pointer value to the null pointer value of the destination type.

One practical use of reinterpret_cast is in a hash function, which maps a value to an index in such a way that two distinct values rarely end up with the same index.

// expre_reinterpret_cast_Operator.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <iostream>

// Returns a hash code based on an address
unsigned short Hash( void *p ) {
   unsigned int val = reinterpret_cast<unsigned int>( p );
   return ( unsigned short )( val ^ (val >> 16));
}

using namespace std;
int main() {
   int a[20];
   for ( int i = 0; i < 20; i++ )
      cout << Hash( a + i ) << endl;
}

The reinterpret_cast allows the pointer to be treated as an integral type. The result is then bit-shifted and XORed with itself to produce a unique index (unique to a high degree of probability). The index is then truncated by a standard C-style cast to the return type of the function.

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