This documentation is archived and is not being maintained.


Constructs a CArchive object and specifies whether it will be used for loading or storing objects.

   CFile* pFile,
   UINT nMode,
   int nBufSize = 4096,
   void* lpBuf = NULL 



A pointer to the CFile object that is the ultimate source or destination of the persistent data.


A flag that specifies whether objects will be loaded from or stored to the archive. The nMode parameter must have one of the following values:

  • CArchive::load   Loads data from the archive. Requires only CFile read permission.

  • CArchive::store   Saves data to the archive. Requires CFile write permission.

  • CArchive::bNoFlushOnDelete   Prevents the archive from automatically calling Flush when the archive destructor is called. If you set this flag, you are responsible for explicitly calling Close before the destructor is called. If you do not, your data will be corrupted.


An integer that specifies the size of the internal file buffer, in bytes. Note that the default buffer size is 4,096 bytes. If you routinely archive large objects, you will improve performance if you use a larger buffer size that is a multiple of the file buffer size.


An optional pointer to a user-supplied buffer of size nBufSize. If you do not specify this parameter, the archive allocates a buffer from the local heap and frees it when the object is destroyed. The archive does not free a user-supplied buffer.

You cannot change this specification after you have created the archive.

You may not use CFile operations to alter the state of the file until you have closed the archive. Any such operation will damage the integrity of the archive. You may access the position of the file pointer at any time during serialization by obtaining the archive's file object from the GetFile member function and then using the CFile::GetPosition function. You should call CArchive::Flush before obtaining the position of the file pointer.

extern char* pFileName;
CFile f;
char buf[512];
if( !f.Open( pFileName, CFile::modeCreate | CFile::modeWrite ) ) {
   #ifdef _DEBUG
      afxDump << "Unable to open file" << "\n";
      exit( 1 );
CArchive ar( &f, CArchive::store, 512, buf );