_mbsnbicmp, _mbsnbicmp_l
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_mbsnbicmp, _mbsnbicmp_l 

Compares n bytes of two multibyte-character strings, ignoring case.

int _mbsnbicmp(
   const unsigned char *string1,
   const unsigned char *string2,
   size_t count 


string1, string2

Null-terminated strings to compare.


Number of bytes to compare.

The return value indicates the relationship between the substrings.

Return value Description

< 0

string1 substring less than string2 substring.


string1 substring identical to string2 substring.

> 0

string1 substring greater than string2 substring.

On an error, _mbsnbcmp returns _NLSCMPERROR, which is defined in String.h and Mbstring.h.

The _mbsnbicmp function lexicographically compares, at most, the first count bytes of string1 and string2. The comparison is performed without regard to case; _mbsnbcmp is a case-sensitive version of _mbsnbicmp. The comparison ends if a terminating null character is reached in either string before count characters are compared. If the strings are equal when a terminating null character is reached in either string before count characters are compared, the shorter string is lesser.

_mbsnbicmp is similar to _mbsnicmp, except that it compares strings by bytes instead of by characters.

Two strings containing characters located between 'Z' and 'a' in the ASCII table ('[', '\', ']', '^', '_', and '`') compare differently, depending on their case. For example, the two strings "ABCDE" and "ABCD^" compare one way if the comparison is lowercase ("abcde" > "abcd^") and the other way ("ABCDE" < "ABCD^") if it is uppercase.

_mbsnbicmp recognizes multibyte-character sequences according to the multibyte code page currently in use. It is not affected by the current locale setting.

If either string1 or string2 is a null pointer, _mbsnbicmp invokes the invalid parameter handler as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, the function returns _NLSCMPERROR and sets errno to EINVAL.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings
Tchar.h routine _UNICODE and _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined









Routine Required header Compatibility



Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

See the example for _mbsnbcmp, _mbsnbcmp_l.

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

© 2015 Microsoft