How to: Define Event Accessor Methods
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How to: Define Event Accessor Methods

The following sample shows how you can define an event's behavior when handlers are added or removed, and for when an event is raised.

Code

// mcppv2_events6.cpp
// compile with: /clr
using namespace System;

public delegate void MyDel();
public delegate int MyDel2(int, float);

ref class EventSource {
public:
   MyDel ^ pE;
   MyDel2 ^ pE2;

   event MyDel^ E {
      void add(MyDel^ p) {
         pE = static_cast<MyDel^> (Delegate::Combine(pE, p)); 
         // cannot refer directly to the event
        // E = static_cast<MyDel^> (Delegate::Combine(pE, p));   // error
      }

      void remove(MyDel^ p) {
         pE = static_cast<MyDel^> (Delegate::Remove(pE, p));
      }

      void raise() {
         if (pE != nullptr)
            pE->Invoke();
      }
   }  // E event block
   
   event MyDel2^ E2 {
      void add(MyDel2^ p2) {
         pE2 = static_cast<MyDel2^> (Delegate::Combine(pE2, p2)); 
      }

      void remove(MyDel2^ p2) {
         pE2 = static_cast<MyDel2^> (Delegate::Remove(pE2, p2));
      }

      int raise(int i, float f) {
         if (pE2 != nullptr) {
            return pE2->Invoke(i, f);
         }
         return 1;
      }
   } // E2 event block
};

public ref struct EventReceiver {
   void H1() {
      Console::WriteLine("In event handler H1");
   }

   int H2(int i, float f) {
      Console::WriteLine("In event handler H2 with args {0} and {1}", i.ToString(), f.ToString());
      return 0;
   }
};

int main() {
   EventSource ^ pE = gcnew EventSource;
   EventReceiver ^ pR = gcnew EventReceiver;

   // hook event handlers
   pE->E += gcnew MyDel(pR, &EventReceiver::H1);
   pE->E2 += gcnew MyDel2(pR, &EventReceiver::H2);

   // raise events
   pE->E();
   pE->E2::raise(1, 2.2);   // call event through scope path

   // unhook event handlers
   pE->E -= gcnew MyDel(pR, &EventReceiver::H1);
   pE->E2 -= gcnew MyDel2(pR, &EventReceiver::H2);

   // raise events, but no handlers
   pE->E();
   pE->E2::raise(1, 2.5);
}

Output

In event handler H1
In event handler H2 with args 1 and 2.2
Show:
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