Glossary (Industry 8.1)


Review the glossary of terms used in the Windows Embedded 8.1 Industry (Industry 8.1) documentation.

answer file

A file that automates Windows Setup. This file enables the configuration of Windows settings, the addition and removal of components, and many Windows Setup tasks, such as disk configuration.

assigned access

A feature that allows a system administrator to manage the user’s experience by limiting application entry points exposed to the user of the device.

configuration pass

A phase of Windows installation. Different parts of the Windows operating system are installed in different configuration passes. You can specify Windows unattended installation settings to be applied in one or more configuration passes.

Custom Logon

A feature that suppresses Windows 8 UI elements related to the system Welcome and shutdown screens.


The hardware on which Windows Embedded runs.

Dialog Filter

A feature that automatically controls which dialog boxes are displayed on the screen.


A snap-in to the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) that you can use to configure lockdown features. See also Embedded Lockdown Manager.

Embedded Lockdown Manager

A snap-in to the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) that you can use to configure lockdown features. See also ELM.


A quick, straight stroke of a finger or pen on a screen. A flick is recognized as a gesture, and interpreted as a navigation or an editing command.


A quick movement of a finger or pen on a screen that the computer interprets as a command, rather than as a mouse movement, writing, or drawing.

Gesture Filter

A feature used to disable the new edge gestures introduced in Windows 8.

input method editor

A tool that lets you enter complex characters and symbols, such as those used in East Asian written languages, using a standard keyboard.

key combination

Any combination of keystrokes that can be used to perform a task that would otherwise require a mouse or other pointing device.

Keyboard Filter

A feature used to suppress undesirable keystrokes or key combinations.

language identifier

A standard international numeric abbreviation for a country or geographical region. A language identifier is a 16-bit value that consists of a primary language identifier and a secondary language identifier.

language pack

A collection of binaries that can be installed on top of the core product and enables users to select a preferred language so that the user interface and Help files appear in that preferred language.

log file

A file that stores messages generated by an application, service, or operating system. These messages are used to track the operations performed. Log files are usually plain text (ASCII) files and often have a .log extension.

OS image

A copy of the entire state of an operating system stored in a non-volatile form, such as a file.


A multi-touch gesture that consists of one or two fingers moving in the same direction, parallel to each other.


A zoom out gesture represented by two fingers with at least one of them moving towards the other finger at any angle, within an acceptable tolerance.

protected volume

A volume that has been configured to prevent data from being deleted or overwritten accidentally.

registry key

An identifier for a record or group of records in the registry.


The command interpreter that is used to pass commands to the operating system.

Shell Launcher

A feature used to replace the default Windows 8 shell with a custom shell.


A zoom-in gesture represented by two fingers with at least one of them moving away from each other at any angle, within an acceptable tolerance.


A gesture represented by placing a finger or stylus on the screen and then lifting it up.

target device

A device selected to receive software updates or configuration changes.

toast notification

A transient message to the user that contains relevant, time-sensitive information and provides quick access to the subject of that content in an app. It can appear whether you are in another app, the Start screen, or on the desktop. Toasts, also called banners, are an optional part of the app experience and are intended to be used only when your app is not the active foreground app. A toast notification can contain text and images but secondary actions such as buttons are not supported.

Toast Notification Filter

A feature used to suppress toast notifications.

Unbranded Boot

A feature used to suppress Windows 8 elements that appear when the operating system starts or resumes.

Unified Write Filter

A sector-based write filter that you can use to protect your storage media by intercepting all write attempts to a protected volume and redirecting those write attempts to a virtual overlay.

USB Filter

A USB port and device base filter that you can use to allow trusted USB devices to connect to a system.


An area of storage on a hard disk. A volume is formatted by using a file system, such as NTFS, and has a drive letter assigned to it. A single hard disk can have multiple volumes. Some volumes can span multiple hard disks.

.wim file

A Windows image file, which can contain one or more Windows images. See also Windows image file.

Windows 8 Application Launcher

A feature used to start a Windows 8 app immediately after a user signs in to a device and to restart the app when the app exits.

Windows image file

A Windows image file, which can contain one or more Windows images. See also .wim file.

WMI provider

In Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI), a set of interfaces that provide programmatic access to management information in a system. IIS 7.0 implements a WMI provider in the namespace called WebAdministration to provide programmatic access to configuration and system settings.