Dynamic Management Views and System Catalog Views (AlwaysOn Availability Groups)


This topic shows you some of the common queries on the AlwaysOn dynamic management views (DMV) you can use to monitor and troubleshoot your availability groups.

System_CAPS_ICON_tip.jpg Tip

In the AlwaysOn Dashboard, you can easily configure the GUI to display many of the DMVs for the availability replicas and availability databases by right-clicking the respective table header and selecting the DMV you wish to display or hide.

For more information on the AlwaysOn Availability Groups DMVs, see AlwaysOn Availability Groups Dynamic Management Views and Functions (Transact-SQL). For more information on the AlwaysOn Availability Groups catalog views, see AlwaysOn Availability Groups Catalog Views (Transact-SQL).

The following Transact-SQL (T-SQL) query retrieves the status of all the nodes in the current Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster.

use master  
select * from sys.dm_hadr_cluster_members  

This result set reports the status of each member node of the current WSFC cluster. If the quorum is defined as Node and File Share Majority, even the file share is reported. You can see the status of each node, including the voting weight of each node (the number_of_quorum_votes value).

The following query retrieves the network configuration of the current WSFC cluster.

select * from sys.dm_hadr_cluster_networks  

The result set contains one row for each network adapter in the WSFC cluster. For example, in a two-node cluster that contains two network adapters on each node, this query returns four rows.

The following query retrieves information about an availability group.

select primary_replica, primary_recovery_health_desc, synchronization_health_desc from sys.dm_hadr_availability_group_states  
select * from sys.availability_groups  
select * from sys.availability_groups_cluster  

The DMVs sys.dm_hadr_availability_group_states (Transact-SQL), sys.availability_groups (Transact-SQL), and sys.availability_groups_cluster all return information about the availability groups in the current WSFC cluster. In fact, sys.availability_groups (Transact-SQL), and sys.availability_groups_cluster seem to return identical information.

However, sys.availability_groups_cluster reports availability group metadata stored in the WSFC Cluster, whereas sys.availability_groups (Transact-SQL) reports availability group metadata that is cached in the SQL Server process space. Furthermore, these two DMVs report configuration information whereas sys.dm_hadr_availability_group_states (Transact-SQL) reports the current health statuses of the availability groups.

System_CAPS_ICON_important.jpg Important

This nomenclature carries forward with the DMVs that document availability replicas and availability databases.

The following query retrieves information about the availability replicas defined in your availability groups.

select replica_id, role_desc, connected_state_desc, synchronization_health_desc from sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_states  
select replica_server_name, replica_id, availability_mode_desc, endpoint_url from sys.availability_replicas  
select replica_server_name, join_state_desc from sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_cluster_states  

Similar to the availability group DMVs, you find three DMVs that report on availability replicas. sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_states reports state information about the availability replicas that is locally cached in SQL Server, and sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_cluster_states reports state information about the availability replicas from the WSFC cluster. Finally, sys.availability_replicas reports configuration data on the availability replicas, which are cached locally in SQL Server.

The following query retrieves current health information about the availability replicas.

select replica_id, role_desc, recovery_health_desc, synchronization_health_desc from sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_states  

Compare the query results on the primary replica and on the secondary replica and note that on the secondary replica, health information is reported only for that replica and not for any other replica in the availability group.

The following query retrieves information about the availability replicas defined in your availability group. You can observe the change in the query results before and after you suspend data movement on an availability database.

select * from sys.availability_databases_cluster  
select group_database_id, database_name, is_failover_ready  from sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_cluster_states  
select database_id, synchronization_state_desc, synchronization_health_desc, last_hardened_lsn, redo_queue_size, log_send_queue_size from sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_states  

Here again, three AlwaysOn DMVs report on availability databases. sys.availability_databases_cluster reports configuration information about availability databases from the WSFC cluster. sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_cluster_states reports state information about the database replicas, which are locally cached in SQL Server. It contains some important state information, such as the availability replica’s failover readiness. Finally, sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_states is a very verbose result set which reports identity and state information on each availability database, such as LSN progress information for the logs of the primary and secondary database replicas.

The following query retrieves information about the health of each availability databases on the replicas. You can observe the change in the query results before and after you suspend data movement on an availability database.

select dc.database_name, dr.database_id, dr.synchronization_state_desc,   
dr.suspend_reason_desc, dr.synchronization_health_desc  
from sys.dm_hadr_database_replica_states dr  join sys.availability_databases_cluster dc  
on dr.group_database_id=dc.group_database_id   
where is_local=1