This documentation is archived and is not being maintained.

Parallel.ForEach(Of TSource, TLocal) Method (IEnumerable(Of TSource), Func(Of TLocal), Func(Of TSource, ParallelLoopState, Int64, TLocal, TLocal), Action(Of TLocal))

Executes a foreach (For Each in Visual Basic) operation with thread-local data on an IEnumerable in which iterations may run in parallel and the state of the loop can be monitored and manipulated.

Namespace:  System.Threading.Tasks
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Shared Function ForEach(Of TSource, TLocal) ( _
	source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), _
	localInit As Func(Of TLocal), _
	body As Func(Of TSource, ParallelLoopState, Long, TLocal, TLocal), _
	localFinally As Action(Of TLocal) _
) As ParallelLoopResult

Type Parameters


The type of the data in the source.


The type of the thread-local data.


Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable(Of TSource)
An enumerable data source.
Type: System.Func(Of TLocal)
The function delegate that returns the initial state of the local data for each task.
Type: System.Func(Of TSource, ParallelLoopState, Int64, TLocal, TLocal)
The delegate that is invoked once per iteration.
Type: System.Action(Of TLocal)
The delegate that performs a final action on the local state of each task.

Return Value

Type: System.Threading.Tasks.ParallelLoopResult
A structure that contains information about which portion of the loop completed.


The source argument is Nothing.


The body argument is Nothing.


The localInit argument is Nothing.


The localFinally argument is Nothing.


The exception that contains all the individual exceptions thrown on all threads.

The body delegate is invoked once for each element in the source enumerable. It is provided with the following parameters: the current element, a ParallelLoopState instance that may be used to break out of the loop prematurely, the current element's index (Int64), and some local state that may be shared amongst iterations that execute on the same thread.

The localInit delegate is invoked once for each task that participates in the loop's execution and returns the initial local state for each of those tasks. These initial states are passed to the first body invocations on each task. Then, every subsequent body invocation returns a possibly modified state value that is passed to the next body invocation. Finally, the last body invocation on each task returns a state value that is passed to the localFinally delegate. The localFinally delegate is invoked once per task to perform a final action on each task’s local state. This delegate might be invoked concurrently on multiple tasks; therefore, you must synchronize access to any shared variables.

The Parallel.ForEach method may use more tasks than threads over the lifetime of its execution, as existing tasks complete and are replaced by new tasks. This gives the underlying TaskScheduler object the chance to add, change, or remove threads that service the loop.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.