IStructuralComparable.CompareTo Method
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Tuple<T1>.IStructuralComparable.CompareTo Method (Object, IComparer)

 

Compares the current Tuple<T1> object to a specified object by using a specified comparer, and returns an integer that indicates whether the current object is before, after, or in the same position as the specified object in the sort order.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

int IStructuralComparable.CompareTo(
	object other,
	IComparer comparer
)

Parameters

other
Type: System.Object

An object to compare with the current instance.

comparer
Type: System.Collections.IComparer

An object that provides custom rules for comparison.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32

A signed integer that indicates the relative position of this instance and other in the sort order, as shown in the following table.

Value

Description

A negative integer

This instance precedes other.

Zero

This instance and other have the same position in the sort order.

A positive integer

This instance follows other.

Exception Condition
ArgumentException

other is not a Tuple<T1> object.

Although this method can be called directly, it is most commonly called by collection sorting methods that include IComparer parameters to order the members of a collection. For example, it is called by the Array.Sort(Array, IComparer) method and the Add method of a SortedList object that is instantiated by using the SortedList.SortedList(IComparer) constructor.

System_CAPS_cautionCaution

The IStructuralComparable.CompareTo method is intended for use in sorting operations. It should not be used when the primary purpose of a comparison is to determine whether two objects are equal. To determine whether two objects are equal, call the IStructuralEquatable.Equals method.

The following example defines a generic class named DescendingComparer that implements the IComparer<T> interface. DescendingComparer sorts objects in descending rather than ascending order by reversing the value returned by the default comparer for a particular type. An instance of the generic DescendingComparer class is then passed to the Array.Sort(Array, IComparer) method to sort an array of Tuple<T1> objects in descending order. Note that the example does not directly call the IStructuralComparable.CompareTo method. This method is called implicitly by the Array.Sort(Array, IComparer) method for each element in the array.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class DescendingComparer<T> : IComparer<T>
{
    public int Compare(T x, T y) 
    {
        return -1 * Comparer<T>.Default.Compare(x, y);
    }
}

class CompareTo2
{
   static void Main()
   {
       Tuple<Double>[] values = { Tuple.Create(13.54),
                                  Tuple.Create(Double.NaN),
                                  Tuple.Create(-189.42993),
                                  Tuple.Create(Double.PositiveInfinity),
                                  Tuple.Create(Double.Epsilon),
                                  Tuple.Create(1.934E-17),
                                  Tuple.Create(Double.NegativeInfinity),
                                  Tuple.Create(-0.000000000003588),
                                  null };
       Console.WriteLine("The values in unsorted order:");
       foreach (var value in values)
           if (value != null)
               Console.WriteLine("   {0}", value.Item1);
           else
               Console.WriteLine("   <null>");
       Console.WriteLine();

       Array.Sort(values, new DescendingComparer<Tuple<Double>>());

       Console.WriteLine("The values sorted in descending order:");
       foreach (var value in values)
           if (value != null)
               Console.WriteLine("   {0}", value.Item1);
           else
               Console.WriteLine("   <null>");
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//      The values in unsorted order:
//         13.54
//         NaN
//         -189.42993
//         Infinity
//         4.94065645841247E-324
//         1.934E-17
//         -Infinity
//         -3.588E-12
//         <null>
//
//      The values sorted in descending order:
//         Infinity
//         13.54
//         1.934E-17
//         4.94065645841247E-324
//         -3.588E-12
//         -189.42993
//         -Infinity
//         NaN
//         <null>

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 4.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 8.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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