StartNew(TResult) Method (Func(TResult), CancellationToken)

TaskFactory.StartNew<TResult> Method (Func<TResult>, CancellationToken)

 

Creates and starts a Task<TResult>.

Namespace:   System.Threading.Tasks
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public Task<TResult> StartNew<TResult>(
	Func<TResult> function,
	CancellationToken cancellationToken
)

Parameters

function
Type: System.Func<TResult>

A function delegate that returns the future result to be available through the Task<TResult>.

cancellationToken
Type: System.Threading.CancellationToken

The CancellationToken that will be assigned to the new Task

Return Value

Type: System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult>

The started Task<TResult>.

Type Parameters

TResult

The type of the result available through the Task<TResult>.

Exception Condition
ObjectDisposedException

The provided CancellationToken has already been disposed.

ArgumentNullException

The exception that is thrown when the function argument is null.

Calling StartNew<TResult> is functionally equivalent to creating a Task<TResult> using one of its constructors and then calling Start to schedule it for execution.

Starting with the .NET Framework 4.5, you can use the Task.Run<TResult>(Func<TResult>, CancellationToken) method as a quick way to call StartNew<TResult>(Func<TResult>, CancellationToken) with default parameters. Note, however, that there is a difference in behavior between the two methods regarding : Task.Run<TResult>(Func<TResult>, CancellationToken) by default does not allow child tasks started with the TaskCreationOptions.AttachedToParent option to attach to the current Task<TResult> instance, whereas StartNew<TResult>(Func<TResult>, CancellationToken) does. For more information and code examples, see the entry Task.Run vs. Task.Factory.StartNew in the Parallel Programming with .NET blog.

The following example uses two tasks to compute the Fibonacci sequence ending in F100 = F100-1 + F100-2 with seed values F1= 1, F2 = 1 and F1 = 0, F2= 1. Approximately half of the time, a cancellation token is set as the operations execute. The output from the example shows the result if the two tasks complete successfully and if the token is cancelled.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Numerics;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      var rnd = new Random();
      var tasks = new List<Task<BigInteger[]>>();
      var source = new CancellationTokenSource();
      var token = source.Token;
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= 1; ctr++) {
         int start = ctr;
         tasks.Add(Task.Run( () => { BigInteger[] sequence = new BigInteger[100];
                                     sequence[0] = start;
                                     sequence[1] = 1;
                                     for (int index = 2; index <= sequence.GetUpperBound(0); index++) {
                                        token.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();
                                        sequence[index] = sequence[index - 1] + sequence[index - 2];
                                     }
                                     return sequence;
                                   }, token));
      }
      if (rnd.Next(0, 2) == 1)
         source.Cancel();
      try {
         Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray());
         foreach (var t in tasks)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}, {1}...{2:N0}", t.Result[0], t.Result[1],
                              t.Result[99]);
      }
      catch (AggregateException e) {
         foreach (var ex in e.InnerExceptions)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", ex.GetType().Name, ex.Message);
      }
   }
}
// The example displays either the following output:
//    0, 1...218,922,995,834,555,169,026
//    1, 1...354,224,848,179,261,915,075
// or the following output:
//    TaskCanceledException: A task was canceled.
//    TaskCanceledException: A task was canceled.

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 5.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 8.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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