How to: Execute Data Service Queries (WCF Data Services)

WCF Data Services enables you to query a data service from a .NET Framework-based client application by using the generated client data service classes. You can execute queries by using one of these methods:

For more information, see Querying the Data Service (WCF Data Services).

The example in this topic uses the Northwind sample data service and autogenerated client data service classes. This service and the client data classes are created when you complete the WCF Data Services quickstart.

The following example shows how to define and execute a LINQ query that returns all Customers against the Northwind data service.

' Create the DataServiceContext using the service URI.
Dim context = New NorthwindEntities(svcUri)

Try
    ' Define a LINQ query that returns all customers.
    Dim allCustomers = From cust In context.Customers _
                           Select cust

    ' Enumerate over the query obtained from the context.
    For Each customer As Customer In allCustomers
        Console.WriteLine("Customer Name: {0}", customer.CompanyName)
    Next
Catch ex As DataServiceQueryException
    Throw New ApplicationException( _
            "An error occurred during query execution.", ex)
End Try

The following example shows how to use the context that the Add Data Service Reference tool generates to implicitly execute a query that returns all Customers against the Northwind data service. The URI of the requested Customers entity set is determined automatically by the context. The query is executed implicitly when the enumeration occurs.

' Create the DataServiceContext using the service URI.
Dim context = New NorthwindEntities(svcUri)

' Define a new query for Customers.
Dim query As DataServiceQuery(Of Customer) = context.Customers

Try
    ' Enumerate over the query result, which is executed implicitly.
    For Each customer As Customer In query
        Console.WriteLine("Customer Name: {0}", customer.CompanyName)
    Next
Catch ex As DataServiceQueryException
    Throw New ApplicationException( _
            "An error occurred during query execution.", ex)
End Try

The following example shows how to use the DataServiceContext to explicitly execute a query that returns all Customers against the Northwind data service.

' Define a request URI that returns Customers.
Dim customersUri = New Uri(svcUri, "Northwind.svc/Customers")

' Create the DataServiceContext using the service URI.
Dim context = New DataServiceContext(svcUri)

Try
    ' Enumerate over the query result.
    For Each customer As Customer In context.Execute(Of Customer)(customersUri)
        Console.WriteLine("Customer Name: {0}", customer.CompanyName)
    Next

Catch ex As DataServiceQueryException
    Throw New ApplicationException( _
            "An error occurred during query execution.", ex)
End Try

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