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How to: Control Ordering in a PLINQ Query

.NET Framework 4.6 and 4.5

These examples show how to control the ordering in a PLINQ query by using the AsOrdered extension method.

Caution note Caution

These examples are primarily intended to demonstrate usage, and may or may not run faster than the equivalent sequential LINQ to Objects queries.

The following example preserves the ordering of the source sequence. This is sometimes necessary; for example some query operators require an ordered source sequence to produce correct results.

Sub OrderedQuery()

    Dim source = Enumerable.Range(9, 10000)

    ' Source is ordered let's preserve it. 
    Dim parallelQuery = From num In source.AsParallel().AsOrdered()
                            Where num Mod 3 = 0
                            Select num

    ' Use For Each to preserve order at execution time. 
    For Each item In parallelQuery
        Console.Write("{0} ", item)
    Next 

    ' Some operators expect an ordered source sequence. 
    Dim lowValues = parallelQuery.Take(10)

End Sub

The following example shows some query operators whose source sequence is probably expected to be ordered. These operators will work on unordered sequences, but they might produce unexpected results.

' Paste into PLINQDataSample class 
Shared Sub SimpleOrdering()
    Dim customers As List(Of Customer) = GetCustomers().ToList()

    ' Take the first 20, preserving the original order 

    Dim firstTwentyCustomers = customers _
                                .AsParallel() _
                                .AsOrdered() _
                                .Take(20)

    Console.WriteLine("Take the first 20 in original order")
    For Each c As Customer In firstTwentyCustomers
        Console.Write(c.CustomerID & " ")
    Next 

    ' All elements in reverse order. 
    Dim reverseOrder = customers _
                        .AsParallel() _
                        .AsOrdered() _
                        .Reverse()

    Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Take all elements in reverse order")
    For Each c As Customer In reverseOrder
        Console.Write("{0} ", c.CustomerID)
    Next 
    ' Get the element at a specified index.  
    Dim cust = customers.AsParallel() _
                        .AsOrdered() _
                        .ElementAt(48)

    Console.WriteLine("Element #48 is: " & cust.CustomerID)

End Sub

To run this method, paste it into the PLINQDataSample class in the PLINQ Data Sample project and press F5.

The following example shows how to preserve ordering for the first part of a query, then remove the ordering to increase the performance of a join clause, and then reapply ordering to the final result sequence.

' Paste into PLINQDataSample class 
Sub OrderedThenUnordered()
    Dim Orders As IEnumerable(Of Order) = GetOrders()
    Dim orderDetails As IEnumerable(Of OrderDetail) = GetOrderDetails()

    ' Sometimes it's easier to create a query 
    ' by composing two subqueries 
    Dim query1 = From ord In Orders.AsParallel()
             Where ord.OrderDate < DateTime.Parse("07/04/1997")
             Select ord
             Order By ord.CustomerID
             Take 20

    Dim query2 = From ord In query1.AsUnordered()
             Join od In orderDetails.AsParallel() On ord.OrderID Equals od.OrderID
            Order By od.ProductID
            Select New With {ord.OrderID, ord.CustomerID, od.ProductID}


    For Each item In query2
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2}", item.OrderID, item.CustomerID, item.ProductID)
    Next 
End Sub

To run this method, paste it into the PLINQDataSample class in the PLINQ Data Sample project and press F5.

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