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ConditionalWeakTable<TKey, TValue>.GetOrCreateValue Method

Atomically searches for a specified key in the table and returns the corresponding value. If the key does not exist in the table, the method invokes the default constructor of the class that represents the table's value to create a value that is bound to the specified key.

Namespace:  System.Runtime.CompilerServices
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public TValue GetOrCreateValue(
	TKey key
)

Parameters

key
Type: TKey
The key to search for. key represents the object to which the property is attached.

Return Value

Type: TValue
The value that corresponds to key, if key already exists in the table; otherwise, a new value created by the default constructor of the class defined by the TValue generic type parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

key is null.

MissingMethodException

The class that represents the table's value does not define a default constructor.

If key does not exist in the table, the method adds it, along with the object that is instantiated by calling the default constructor of the class defined by the TValue generic type parameter. If the TValue class has no default constructor, a MissingMethodException is thrown.

This is the recommended method of retrieving an existing value or adding a new value to the ConditionalWeakTable<TKey, TValue> table if the class of the table's value defines a default constructor. If it does not define a default constructor, you can instead call the GetValue method, which relies on a callback-provided method to instantiate the object representing the table's value

To retrieve the value of an existing key without adding the key/value pair if the key is not found in the table, call the TryGetValue method.

The following example defines a MainClass class and a MainInfo class, which provides information about the MainClass instance. The example calls the GetOrCreateValue method to add a MainClass object and its attached MainInfo object to a ConditionalWeakTable<TKey, TValue> table. The example also illustrates calls to the Add and GetValue methods to add key/value pairs to the table, and to the TryGetValue method to retrieve the value of an existing key.


using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;

public class Example
{
   string Name; 

   public Example(string name)
   {
      this.Name = name;
   }

   public override string ToString()
   {
      return this.Name;
   }
}

// Define a class to contain information about each Example instance.
public class ExampleInfo
{
   public string Name;
   public int Methods;
   public int Properties;

   public override string ToString()
   {
      return String.Format("{0}: {1} Methods, {2} Properties", 
                           this.Name, this.Methods, this.Properties);
   }
}

public class ExampleTest
{
   private static BindingFlags flags = BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance;

   public static void Main()
   {
      Example ex1 = new Example("ex1");
      Example ex2 = new Example("ex2");
      Example ex3 = new Example("ex3");

      ExampleInfo exInfo1 = new ExampleInfo(); 
      exInfo1.Name = ex1.ToString();
      exInfo1.Methods = ex1.GetType().GetMethods(flags).Length;
      exInfo1.Properties = ex1.GetType().GetProperties(flags).Length;

      ExampleInfo exInfo3 = new ExampleInfo(); 
      exInfo3.Name = ex3.ToString();
      exInfo3.Methods = ex3.GetType().GetMethods(flags).Length;
      exInfo3.Properties = ex3.GetType().GetProperties(flags).Length;

      var attached = new ConditionalWeakTable<Example, ExampleInfo>();
      ExampleInfo value = null;

      // Attach a property to ex1 using the Add method, then retrieve it.
      attached.Add(ex1, exInfo1);
      if (attached.TryGetValue(ex1, out value))
         Console.WriteLine("{0}, {1}", ex1, value);
      else
         Console.WriteLine("{0} does not have an attached property.", ex1);

      // Attempt to retrieve the value attached to ex2.
      value = attached.GetValue(ex2, ExampleTest.CreateAttachedValue);      
      if (attached.TryGetValue(ex2, out value))
         Console.WriteLine("{0}, {1}", ex2, value);
      else 
         Console.WriteLine("{0} does not have an attached property.", ex2);

      // Attempt to retrieve the value attached to ex3.
      value = attached.GetOrCreateValue(ex3);
      Console.WriteLine("{0}, {1}", ex3, value);
   }

   public static ExampleInfo CreateAttachedValue(Example ex)
   {
      ExampleInfo info = new ExampleInfo();
      info.Name = ex.ToString();
      info.Methods = ex.GetType().GetMethods(flags).Length;
      info.Properties = ex.GetType().GetProperties(flags).Length;
      return info;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       ex1, ex1: 4 Methods, 0 Properties
//       ex2, ex2: 4 Methods, 0 Properties
//       ex3, : 0 Methods, 0 Properties


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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