Was this page helpful?
Your feedback about this content is important. Let us know what you think.
Additional feedback?
1500 characters remaining
Export (0) Print
Expand All

How to: Specify Rounding Precision

In Visual Studio Report Designer, you can use the ROUND function to round a double-precision floating point value to the nearest integer. However, this function does not have options for changing the precision to which you want to round. For example, you cannot round to the nearest tenth or nearest hundredth of a number, only to the nearest integer. To specify precision when using the ROUND function, you must multiply the number by a factor of 10, call the ROUND function, and then divide the rounded number by the same factor of 10. The factor that you choose depends on the degree of precision that you want. For example, if you want to round the number 12.3456 to the nearest hundredth, you would multiply 12.3456 by 100 to get 1234.56. Next, call the ROUND function on 1234.56. The ROUND function rounds to the nearest integer, resulting in the number 1235. Finally, divide the rounded number, 1235, by the factor, 100, to get 12.35. This result is the same as rounding the original number, 12.3456, to the nearest hundredth.

To specify precision when you use the ROUND function on a client report definition (RDLC) report layout, you must do one of the following:

  • Use an expression, such as =ROUND(100*<Value>)/100 on the value in a text box.

  • Add code to functions that call the ROUND function.

An example of a report in the CRONUS International Ltd. demonstration database that uses the ROUND function and specifies a degree of precision is report 111, Customer - Top 10 List.

To use an expression to specify rounding precision

  1. In the development environment, on the Tools menu, choose Object Designer.

  2. In Object Designer, choose Report, select a report that contains a number that you want to round with precision greater than the nearest integer, and then choose Design.

  3. In the View menu, choose Layout.

  4. In Visual Studio, in the Report.rdlc file, right-click the text box with the number that you want to round, and then choose Expression.

  5. In the Expression window, change the expression to the following.

    =ROUND(<MyField.Value>*<Factor>)/<Factor>
    

    In this example, MyField.Value is the numerical value that you want to round. Factor is a factor of 10, and depends on the degree of precision that you want.

  6. Choose the OK button to close the Expression window.

  7. Save and compile the report. For more information, see How to: Integrate Report Dataset Designer and Visual Studio Report Designer.

To add code to specify rounding precision

  1. In the development environment, on the Tools menu, choose Object Designer.

  2. In Object Designer, choose Report, select a report that contains a number that you want to round with precision greater than the nearest integer, and then choose Design.

  3. On the View menu, choose Layout.

  4. In Visual Studio, in the Report.rdlc file, on the Report menu, choose Report Properties.

  5. In the Report Properties window, select the Code tab.

  6. Add the following lines of code to the function in which you want to specify rounding precision. The code that you add may vary, depending on the degree of precision that you want. In this example, the rounding precision is 0.01.

    REM Rounding precision = 0.01
    Return ROUND(100*Pct)/100
    
  7. Save and compile the report. For more information, see How to: Integrate Report Dataset Designer and Visual Studio Report Designer.

Example

The following code example shows a function that calls the ROUND function and uses the preceding procedure to specify precision.

Shared Pct as Decimal
Public Function CalcPct(Amount1 as Decimal, Amount2 as Decimal) as Decimal 
   if Amount2 <> 0 then
      Pct = Amount1 / Amount2 * 100
   else
      Pct = 0
   end if
   REM Rounding precision = 0.1
   Return ROUND(10*Pct)/10
End Function

The following illustration shows how to call the CalcPct function for the value of a text box.

Rounding precision

See Also

Show:
© 2015 Microsoft