ContinueWith Method (Action(Task(TResult)))
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Task(Of TResult).ContinueWith Method (Action(Of Task(Of TResult)))

 

Creates a continuation that executes asynchronously when the target task completes.

Namespace:   System.Threading.Tasks
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Function ContinueWith (
	continuationAction As Action(Of Task(Of TResult))
) As Task

Parameters

continuationAction
Type: System.Action(Of Task(Of TResult))

An action to run when the antecedent Task(Of TResult) completes. When run, the delegate will be passed the completed task as an argument.

Return Value

Type: System.Threading.Tasks.Task

A new continuation task.

Exception Condition
ObjectDisposedException

The Task(Of TResult) has been disposed.

ArgumentNullException

The continuationAction argument is null.

The returned Task will not be scheduled for execution until the current task has completed, whether it completes due to running to completion successfully, faulting due to an unhandled exception, or exiting early due to being canceled.

The following example creates an antecedent task that uses the Sieve of Eratosthenes to calculate the prime numbers between 1 and a value entered by the user. An array is used to hold information about the prime numbers. The array index represents the number, and the element's value indicates whether that number is composite (its value is true) or prime (its value is false). This task is then passed to a continuation task, which is responsible for extracting the prime numbers from the integer array and displaying them.

Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Threading.Tasks

Module Example
   Public Sub Main(args() As String)
      Dim upperBound As Integer = If(args.Length >= 1, CInt(args(0)), 200)

      Dim t1 = Task.Run(Function()
                          ' True = composite.
                          ' False = prime.
                          Dim values(upperBound) As Boolean
                          For ctr = 2 To CInt(Math.Sqrt(upperBound))
                             If values(ctr) = False Then
                                For product = ctr * ctr To upperBound Step ctr
                                   values(product) = True
                                Next
                             End If
                          Next
                          Return values
                       End Function)

      Dim t2 = t1.ContinueWith(Sub(antecedent)
                                  ' Create a list of prime numbers.
                                  Dim primes As New List(Of Integer)()
                                  Dim numbers As Boolean() = antecedent.Result
                                  Dim output As String = String.Empty

                                  For ctr As Integer = 1 To numbers.GetUpperBound(0)
                                     If numbers(ctr) = False Then primes.Add(ctr)
                                  Next

                                  ' Create the output string.
                                  For ctr As Integer = 0 To primes.Count - 1
                                     output += primes(ctr).ToString("N0")
                                     If ctr < primes.Count - 1 Then output += ",  "
                                     If (ctr + 1) Mod 8 = 0 Then output += vbCrLf
                                  Next
                                  'Display the result.
                                  Console.WriteLine("Prime numbers from 1 to {0}:{1}",
                                                    upperBound, vbCrLf)
                                  Console.WriteLine(output)
                               End Sub)
      Try
         t2.Wait()
      Catch ae As AggregateException
         For Each e In ae.InnerExceptions
            Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", e.GetType().Name, e.Message)
         Next
      End Try
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Prime numbers from 1 to 400:
'
'       1,  2,  3,  5,  7,  11,  13,  17,
'       19,  23,  29,  31,  37,  41,  43,  47,
'       53,  59,  61,  67,  71,  73,  79,  83,
'       89,  97,  101,  103,  107,  109,  113,  127,
'       131,  137,  139,  149,  151,  157,  163,  167,
'       173,  179,  181,  191,  193,  197,  199,  211,
'       223,  227,  229,  233,  239,  241,  251,  257,
'       263,  269,  271,  277,  281,  283,  293,  307,
'       311,  313,  317,  331,  337,  347,  349,  353,
'       359,  367,  373,  379,  383,  389,  397,  401
' If cancellation is requested, the example displays output like the following:
'       The operation was cancelled.

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 4.5
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 5.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 8.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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