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TransactionType Property

Sets the transaction type.

  • Database transactions for all C/AL code

There are four basic transaction types: Browse, Snapshot, UpdateNoLocks, and Update. Additionally, there is a Report type that maps to the Browse transaction type. Each transaction type defines the behavior of a transaction in Microsoft Dynamics NAV and takes effect from the start of a transaction. A transaction starts at the start of the outermost code or immediately after the COMMIT Function (Database) is called. A transaction ends at the end of the outermost code or when the COMMIT function is called. For example, if a function in a codeunit calls another codeunit, then a new transaction is not started at the start of the second codeunit.

The following table shows transaction behavior with SQL Server.

Transaction Type Behavior

Browse

This is a read-only transaction. Modifications cannot occur within the transaction. All read operations are performed with READ UNCOMMITTED locking. Therefore, no locks are added and locks that are added by other sessions are not honored. This means that the transaction may read uncommitted data.

For more information about READ UNCOMMITTED locking, see SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL (Transact-SQL) in the MSDN Library.

Snapshot

This is a read-only transaction. Modifications cannot occur within the transaction. All read operations are performed with REPEATABLE READ locking. Therefore, shared locks are added on all data and are maintained until the end of the transaction. This prevents other transactions from modifying any rows that have been read by the current transaction.

For more information about REPEATABLE READ locking, see SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL (Transact-SQL) in the MSDN Library.

UpdateNoLocks

This is an update transaction. Modifications can occur within the transaction. All read operations are performed with READ UNCOMMITTED locking until the table is either modified by a write operation or locked with the LOCKTABLE Function (Record). From this point until the end of the transaction, all read operations are performed with UPDLOCK locking.

For more information about UPDLOCK locking, see Table Hints (Transact-SQL) in the MSDN Library.

This transaction type improves concurrency for all tables that users access within the transaction by delaying locking as much as it can. However, the disadvantage is that you must know when to lock the tables for the required transaction behavior.

This is the default transaction type if you have not specified a type with the CURRENTTRANSACTIONTYPE Function (Database).

Update

This is an update transaction. Modifications can occur within the transaction. All read operations are performed with REPEATABLE READ locking until the table is either modified by any write operation or locked with the LOCKTABLE function. From this point forward, all read operations are performed with UPDLOCK locking.

This transaction type provides full transaction isolation from the start of the transaction, regardless of the lock status of tables that users access within the transaction.

Dd301086.note(en-us,NAV.70).gifNote
In earlier versions of Microsoft Dynamics NAV, the Snapshot and Update transaction types performed read operations with SERIALIZABLE locking until the table was either modified by a write operation or locked with the LOCKTABLE function. In Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013, these transaction types perform read operations with REPEATABLE READ locking until the table is either modified by a write operation or locked with the LOCKTABLE function.

Phantom reads cannot occur with SERIALIZABLE locking because the filter range is locked instead of the records. Phantom reads can occur with REPEATABLE READ locking because only the records are locked. You should know this difference when you upgrade from an earlier version to Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013. For more information about phantom reads, see Concurrency Effects in the MSDN Library.

Report and XMLport objects have a TransactionType property, which you can view and modify in the Properties window. The TransactionType property that is specified on a report or XMLport object is used only when you run the report or XMLport from Object Designer.

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