# IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T) Interface

**.NET Framework 4**

Defines methods to manipulate thread-safe collections intended for producer/consumer usage. This interface provides a unified representation for producer/consumer collections so that higher level abstractions such as System.Collections.Concurrent.BlockingCollection(Of T) can use the collection as the underlying storage mechanism.

**Namespace:**System.Collections.Concurrent

**Assembly:**mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

The IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T) type exposes the following members.

Name | Description | |
---|---|---|

Count | Gets the number of elements contained in the ICollection. (Inherited from ICollection.) | |

IsSynchronized | Gets a value indicating whether access to the ICollection is synchronized (thread safe). (Inherited from ICollection.) | |

SyncRoot | Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the ICollection. (Inherited from ICollection.) |

Name | Description | |
---|---|---|

CopyTo(T(), Int32) | Copies the elements of the IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T) to an Array, starting at a specified index. | |

CopyTo(Array, Int32) | Copies the elements of the ICollection to an Array, starting at a particular Array index. (Inherited from ICollection.) | |

GetEnumerator | Returns an enumerator that iterates through the collection. (Inherited from IEnumerable(Of T).) | |

ToArray | Copies the elements contained in the IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T) to a new array. | |

TryAdd | Attempts to add an object to the IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T). | |

TryTake | Attempts to remove and return an object from the IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T). |

Name | Description | |
---|---|---|

Aggregate(Of T)(Func(Of T, T, T)) | Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Aggregate(Of T, TAccumulate)(TAccumulate, Func(Of TAccumulate, T, TAccumulate)) | Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Aggregate(Of T, TAccumulate, TResult)(TAccumulate, Func(Of TAccumulate, T, TAccumulate), Func(Of TAccumulate, TResult)) | Overloaded. Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

All(Of T) | Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Any(Of T) | Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains any elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Any(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

AsEnumerable(Of T) | Returns the input typed as IEnumerable(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

AsParallel | Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query. (Defined by ParallelEnumerable.) | |

AsParallel(Of T) | Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query. (Defined by ParallelEnumerable.) | |

AsQueryable | Overloaded. Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable. (Defined by Queryable.) | |

AsQueryable(Of T) | Overloaded. Converts a generic IEnumerable(Of T) to a generic IQueryable(Of T). (Defined by Queryable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Average(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Cast(Of TResult) | Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Concat(Of T) | Concatenates two sequences. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Contains(Of T)(T) | Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Contains(Of T)(T, IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Count(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the number of elements in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Count(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

DefaultIfEmpty(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

DefaultIfEmpty(Of T)(T) | Overloaded. Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Distinct(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Distinct(Of T)(IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ElementAt(Of T) | Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ElementAtOrDefault(Of T) | Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Except(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Except(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

First(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

First(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

FirstOrDefault(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

FirstOrDefault(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of T), TResult)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of T), TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The keys are compared by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TElement), TResult)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupBy(Of T, TKey, TElement, TResult)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), Func(Of TKey, IEnumerable(Of TElement), TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupJoin(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

GroupJoin(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. A specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Intersect(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Intersect(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) to compare values. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Join(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, TInner, TResult)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Join(Of T, TInner, TKey, TResult)(IEnumerable(Of TInner), Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of TInner, TKey), Func(Of T, TInner, TResult), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. A specified IEqualityComparer(Of T) is used to compare keys. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Last(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Last(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LastOrDefault(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LastOrDefault(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LongCount(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

LongCount(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Max(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, TResult)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Min(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, TResult)) | Overloaded. Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OfType(Of TResult) | Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderBy(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderByDescending(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

OrderByDescending(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Reverse(Of T) | Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Select(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Select(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, Int32, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TResult))) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T) and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TResult)(Func(Of T, Int32, IEnumerable(Of TResult))) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T), and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TCollection, TResult)(Func(Of T, Int32, IEnumerable(Of TCollection)), Func(Of T, TCollection, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T), flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SelectMany(Of T, TCollection, TResult)(Func(Of T, IEnumerable(Of TCollection)), Func(Of T, TCollection, TResult)) | Overloaded. Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable(Of T), flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SequenceEqual(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SequenceEqual(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Single(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Single(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SingleOrDefault(Of T) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SingleOrDefault(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Skip(Of T) | Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SkipWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

SkipWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Decimal)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Decimal))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Double)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Double))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int32))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int64)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Int64))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Single)) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Sum(Of T)(Func(Of T, Nullable(Of Single))) | Overloaded. Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Take(Of T) | Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

TakeWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

TakeWhile(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToArray(Of T) | Creates an array from a IEnumerable(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function and key comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to specified key selector and element selector functions. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToDictionary(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Dictionary(Of TKey, TValue) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToList(Of T) | Creates a List(Of T) from an IEnumerable(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey)(Func(Of T, TKey), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function and key comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to specified key selector and element selector functions. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

ToLookup(Of T, TKey, TElement)(Func(Of T, TKey), Func(Of T, TElement), IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) | Overloaded. Creates a Lookup(Of TKey, TElement) from an IEnumerable(Of T) according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Union(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Union(Of T)(IEnumerable(Of T), IEqualityComparer(Of T)) | Overloaded. Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T). (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Where(Of T)(Func(Of T, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Where(Of T)(Func(Of T, Int32, Boolean)) | Overloaded. Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function. (Defined by Enumerable.) | |

Zip(Of T, TSecond, TResult) | Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results. (Defined by Enumerable.) |

For more information, see Thread-Safe Collections and BlockingCollection Overview.

The following example shows a stack data structure that implements System.Collections.Concurrent.IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T).

Imports System.Collections.Concurrent Module IProdCon ' Sample implementation of IProducerConsumerCollection(T) -- in this case, ' a thread-safe stack. Public Class SafeStack(Of T) Implements IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T) ' Used for enforcing thread-safety Private m_lockObject As New Object() ' We'll use a regular old Stack for our core operations Private m_sequentialStack As Stack(Of T) = Nothing ' ' Constructors ' Public Sub New() m_sequentialStack = New Stack(Of T)() End Sub Public Sub New(ByVal collection As IEnumerable(Of T)) m_sequentialStack = New Stack(Of T)(collection) End Sub ' ' Safe Push/Pop support ' Public Sub Push(ByVal item As T) SyncLock m_lockObject m_sequentialStack.Push(item) End SyncLock End Sub Public Function TryPop(ByRef item As T) As Boolean Dim rval As Boolean = True SyncLock m_lockObject If m_sequentialStack.Count = 0 Then item = Nothing rval = False Else item = m_sequentialStack.Pop() End If End SyncLock Return rval End Function ' ' IProducerConsumerCollection(T) support ' Public Function TryTake(ByRef item As T) As Boolean Implements IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T).TryTake Return TryPop(item) End Function Public Function TryAdd(ByVal item As T) As Boolean Implements IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T).TryAdd Push(item) ' Push doesn't fail Return True End Function Public Function ToArray() As T() Implements IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T).ToArray Dim rval As T() = Nothing SyncLock m_lockObject rval = m_sequentialStack.ToArray() End SyncLock Return rval End Function Public Sub CopyTo(ByVal array As T(), ByVal index As Integer) Implements IProducerConsumerCollection(Of T).CopyTo SyncLock m_lockObject m_sequentialStack.CopyTo(array, index) End SyncLock End Sub ' ' Support for IEnumerable(T) ' Public Function GetEnumerator() As IEnumerator(Of T) Implements IEnumerable(Of T).GetEnumerator ' The performance here will be unfortunate for large stacks, ' but thread-safety is effectively implemented. Dim stackCopy As Stack(Of T) = Nothing SyncLock m_lockObject stackCopy = New Stack(Of T)(m_sequentialStack) End SyncLock Return stackCopy.GetEnumerator() End Function ' ' Support for IEnumerable ' Private Function GetEnumerator2() As IEnumerator Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator Return DirectCast(Me, IEnumerable(Of T)).GetEnumerator() End Function ' ' Support for ICollection ' Public ReadOnly Property IsSynchronized() As Boolean Implements ICollection.IsSynchronized Get Return True End Get End Property Public ReadOnly Property SyncRoot() As Object Implements ICollection.SyncRoot Get Return m_lockObject End Get End Property Public ReadOnly Property Count() As Integer Implements ICollection.Count Get Return m_sequentialStack.Count End Get End Property Public Sub CopyTo(ByVal array As Array, ByVal index As Integer) Implements ICollection.CopyTo SyncLock m_lockObject DirectCast(m_sequentialStack, ICollection).CopyTo(array, index) End SyncLock End Sub End Class ' Test our implementation of IProducerConsumerCollection(T) ' Demonstrates: ' IPCC(T).TryAdd() ' IPCC(T).TryTake() ' IPCC(T).CopyTo() Private Sub TestSafeStack() Dim stack As New SafeStack(Of Integer)() Dim ipcc As IProducerConsumerCollection(Of Integer) = DirectCast(stack, IProducerConsumerCollection(Of Integer)) ' Test Push()/TryAdd() stack.Push(10) Console.WriteLine("Pushed 10") ipcc.TryAdd(20) Console.WriteLine("IPCC.TryAdded 20") stack.Push(15) Console.WriteLine("Pushed 15") Dim testArray As Integer() = New Integer(2) {} ' Try CopyTo() within boundaries Try ipcc.CopyTo(testArray, 0) Console.WriteLine("CopyTo() within boundaries worked, as expected") Catch e As Exception Console.WriteLine("CopyTo() within boundaries unexpectedly threw an exception: {0}", e.Message) End Try ' Try CopyTo() that overflows Try ipcc.CopyTo(testArray, 1) Console.WriteLine("CopyTo() with index overflow worked, and it SHOULD NOT HAVE") Catch e As Exception Console.WriteLine("CopyTo() with index overflow threw an exception, as expected: {0}", e.Message) End Try ' Test enumeration Console.Write("Enumeration (should be three items): ") For Each item As Integer In stack Console.Write("{0} ", item) Next Console.WriteLine("") ' Test TryPop() Dim popped As Integer = 0 If stack.TryPop(popped) Then Console.WriteLine("Successfully popped {0}", popped) Else Console.WriteLine("FAILED to pop!!") End If ' Test Count Console.WriteLine("stack count is {0}, should be 2", stack.Count) ' Test TryTake() If ipcc.TryTake(popped) Then Console.WriteLine("Successfully IPCC-TryTaked {0}", popped) Else Console.WriteLine("FAILED to IPCC.TryTake!!") End If End Sub Sub Main() TestSafeStack() ' Keep the console window open in debug mode Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit.") Console.ReadKey() End Sub End Module

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.