Task.WaitAll Method (Task[])

 

Waits for all of the provided Task objects to complete execution.

Namespace:   System.Threading.Tasks
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static void WaitAll(
	params Task[] tasks
)

Parameters

tasks
Type: System.Threading.Tasks.Task[]

An array of Task instances on which to wait.

Exception Condition
ObjectDisposedException

One or more of the Task objects in tasks has been disposed.

ArgumentNullException

The tasks argument is null.

ArgumentException

The tasks argument contains a null element.

-or-

The tasks argument is an empty array.

AggregateException

At least one of the Task instances was canceled. If a task was canceled, the AggregateException exception contains an OperationCanceledException exception in its AggregateException.InnerExceptions collection.

-or-

An exception was thrown during the execution of at least one of the Task instances.

The following example starts 10 tasks, each of which is passed an index as a state object. Tasks with an index from two to five throw exceptions. The call to the WaitAll method wraps all exceptions in an AggregateException object and propagates it to the calling thread.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

class Example
{
    static void Main()
    {
        var tasks = new List<Task<int>>();

        // Define a delegate that prints and returns the system tick count
        Func<object, int> action = (object obj) =>
        {
            int i = (int)obj;

            // Make each thread sleep a different time in order to return a different tick count
            Thread.Sleep(i * 100);

            // The tasks that receive an argument between 2 and 5 throw exceptions
            if (2 <= i && i <= 5)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException("SIMULATED EXCEPTION");
            }

            int tickCount = Environment.TickCount;
            Console.WriteLine("Task={0}, i={1}, TickCount={2}, Thread={3}", Task.CurrentId, i, tickCount, Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId);

            return tickCount;
        };

        // Construct started tasks
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
        {
            int index = i;
            tasks.Add(Task<int>.Factory.StartNew(action, index));
        }

        try
        {
            // Wait for all the tasks to finish.
            Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray());

            // We should never get to this point
            Console.WriteLine("WaitAll() has not thrown exceptions. THIS WAS NOT EXPECTED.");
        }
        catch (AggregateException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("\nThe following exceptions have been thrown by WaitAll(): (THIS WAS EXPECTED)");
            for (int j = 0; j < e.InnerExceptions.Count; j++)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("\n-------------------------------------------------\n{0}", e.InnerExceptions[j].ToString());
            }
        }
    }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//     Task=1, i=0, TickCount=1203822250, Thread=3
//     Task=2, i=1, TickCount=1203822359, Thread=4
//     Task=7, i=6, TickCount=1203823484, Thread=3
//     Task=8, i=7, TickCount=1203823890, Thread=4
//     Task=9, i=8, TickCount=1203824296, Thread=3
//     Task=10, i=9, TickCount=1203824796, Thread=4
//     
//     The following exceptions have been thrown by WaitAll(): (THIS WAS EXPECTED)
//     
//     -------------------------------------------------
//     System.InvalidOperationException: SIMULATED EXCEPTION
//        at Example.<Main>b__0(Object obj)
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task`1.InnerInvoke()
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Execute()
//     
//     -------------------------------------------------
//     System.InvalidOperationException: SIMULATED EXCEPTION
//        at Example.<Main>b__0(Object obj)
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task`1.InnerInvoke()
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Execute()
//     
//     -------------------------------------------------
//     System.InvalidOperationException: SIMULATED EXCEPTION
//        at Example.<Main>b__0(Object obj)
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task`1.InnerInvoke()
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Execute()
//     
//     -------------------------------------------------
//     System.InvalidOperationException: SIMULATED EXCEPTION
//        at Example.<Main>b__0(Object obj)
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task`1.InnerInvoke()
//        at System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Execute()

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 5.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 8.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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