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How to: Launch a Stand-Alone Native Application with the Profiler to Collect Concurrency Data by Using the Command Line

This topic describes how to use Visual Studio Profiling Tools command-line tools to start a native stand-alone (client) application and collect process and thread concurrency data.

A profiling session has the following parts:

  • Starting the application with the profiler

  • Controlling data collection

  • Ending the profiling session

NoteNote

Command-line tools of the Profiling Tools are located in the \Team Tools\Performance Tools subdirectory of the Visual Studio installation directory. On 64-bit computers, both 64-bit and 32-bit versions of the tools are available. To use the profiler at a command prompt, you must add the tools path to the PATH environment variable of the Command Prompt window or add it to the command itself. For more information, see Specifying the Path to Profiling Tools Command Line Tools.

To start a target application with the profiler, you use the VSPerfCmd.exe /start and /launch options to initialize the Profiler and start the application. You can specify /start and /launch and their respective options. You can also add the /globaloff option to pause data collection at the start of the target application. You then use /globalon to begin to collect data.

To start an application with the Profiler

  1. At a command prompt, type the following command:

    VSPerfCmd /start:concurrency[,{ResourceOnly|ThreadOnly}] /output:OutputFile [Options]

    • The /start option initializes the profiler.

      /start:concurrency

      Enables collecting both resource contention and thread execution data.

      /start:concurrency,resourceonly

      Enables collecting only resource contention data.

      /start:concurrency,threadonly

      Enables collecting only thread execution data.

    • The /output:OutputFile option is required with /start. OutputFile specifies the name and location of the profiling data (.vsp) file.

    You can use any of the options in the following table with the /start:concurrency option.

    Option

    Description

    /wincounter:WinCounterPath

    Specifies a Windows performance counter to be collected during profiling.

    /automark:Interval

    Use with /wincounter only. Specifies the number of milliseconds between Windows performance counter collection events. The default value is 500.

    /events:Config

    Specifies an Event Tracing for Windows (ETW) event to be collected during profiling. ETW events are collected in a separate (.etl) file.

  2. Start the target application by typing:

    VSPerfCmd /launch:AppName [Options]

    You can use any of the options in the following table with the /launch option.

    Option

    Description

    /args:Arguments

    Specifies a string that contains the command-line arguments to be passed to the target application.

    /console

    Starts the target command-line application in a separate window.

    /targetclr:CLRVersion

    Specifies the version of the common language runtime (CLR) to profile if the application loads more than one version of the CLR.

While the target application is running, you can control data collection by starting and stopping the writing of data to the file with VSPerfCmd.exe options. By controlling data collection, you can collect data for a specific part of program execution, such as the starting or shutting down of the application.

To start and stop data collection

  • The pairs of options in the following table start and stop data collection. Specify each option on a separate command line. You can turn data collection on and off multiple times.

    Option

    Description

    /globalon /globaloff

    Starts (/globalon) or stops (/globaloff) data collection for all processes.

    /processon:PID /processoff:PID

    Starts (/processon) or stops (/processoff) data collection for the process that the process ID (PID) specifies.

    /attach:{PID|ProcName} /detach[:{PID|ProcName}]

    /attach starts to collect data for the process that the process ID (PID) or process name (ProcName) specifies. /detach stops data collection for the specified process or for all processes if no process is specified.

  • You can also use the VSPerfCmd.exe /mark option to insert a profiling mark into the data file. The /mark command adds an identifier, a time stamp, and an optional user-defined text string. Marks can be used to filter the data in profiler reports and data views.

To end a profiling session, the profiler must not be collecting data. You can stop collecting concurrency data by closing the profiled application or by invoking the VSPerfCmd /detach option. You then invoke the VSPerfCmd /shutdown option to turn off the profiler and close the profiling data file.

To end a profiling session

  1. Detach the profiler from the target application by closing it or by typing the following command at a command prompt:

    VSPerfCmd /detach

  2. Shut down the profiler by typing the following command at a command prompt:

    VSPerfCmd /shutdown

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