EnumDisplaySettingsEx function

The EnumDisplaySettingsEx function retrieves information about one of the graphics modes for a display device. To retrieve information for all the graphics modes for a display device, make a series of calls to this function.

This function differs from EnumDisplaySettings in that there is a dwFlags parameter.

Note  Apps that you design to target Windows 8 and later can no longer query or set display modes that are less than 32 bits per pixel (bpp); these operations will fail. These apps have a compatibility manifest that targets Windows 8. Windows 8 still supports 8-bit and 16-bit color modes for desktop apps that were built without a Windows 8 manifest; Windows 8 emulates these modes but still runs in 32-bit color mode.


BOOL EnumDisplaySettingsEx(
  _In_  LPCTSTR lpszDeviceName,
  _In_  DWORD   iModeNum,
  _Out_ DEVMODE *lpDevMode,
  _In_  DWORD   dwFlags


lpszDeviceName [in]

A pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the display device about which graphics mode the function will obtain information.

This parameter is either NULL or a DISPLAY_DEVICE.DeviceName returned from EnumDisplayDevices. A NULL value specifies the current display device on the computer that the calling thread is running on.

iModeNum [in]

Indicates the type of information to be retrieved. This value can be a graphics mode index or one of the following values.


Retrieve the current settings for the display device.


Retrieve the settings for the display device that are currently stored in the registry.


Graphics mode indexes start at zero. To obtain information for all of a display device's graphics modes, make a series of calls to EnumDisplaySettingsEx, as follows: Set iModeNum to zero for the first call, and increment iModeNum by one for each subsequent call. Continue calling the function until the return value is zero.

When you call EnumDisplaySettingsEx with iModeNum set to zero, the operating system initializes and caches information about the display device. When you call EnumDisplaySettingsEx with iModeNum set to a nonzero value, the function returns the information that was cached the last time the function was called with iModeNum set to zero.

lpDevMode [out]

A pointer to a DEVMODE structure into which the function stores information about the specified graphics mode. Before calling EnumDisplaySettingsEx, set the dmSize member to sizeof (DEVMODE), and set the dmDriverExtra member to indicate the size, in bytes, of the additional space available to receive private driver data.

The EnumDisplaySettingsEx function will populate the dmFields member of the lpDevMode and one or more other members of the DEVMODE structure. To determine which members were set by the call to EnumDisplaySettingsEx, inspect the dmFields bitmask. Some of the fields typically populated by this function include:

  • dmBitsPerPel
  • dmPelsWidth
  • dmPelsHeight
  • dmDisplayFlags
  • dmDisplayFrequency
  • dmPosition
  • dmDisplayOrientation
dwFlags [in]

This parameter can be the following value.


If set, the function will return all graphics modes reported by the adapter driver, regardless of monitor capabilities. Otherwise, it will only return modes that are compatible with current monitors.


If set, the function will return graphics modes in all orientations. Otherwise, it will only return modes that have the same orientation as the one currently set for the requested display.


Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero.


The function fails if iModeNum is greater than the index of the display device's last graphics mode. As noted in the description of the iModeNum parameter, you can use this behavior to enumerate all of a display device's graphics modes.


Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]


Winuser.h (include Windows.h)





Unicode and ANSI names

EnumDisplaySettingsExW (Unicode) and EnumDisplaySettingsExA (ANSI)

See also

Device Contexts Overview
Device Context Functions