SqlConnectionStringBuilder Constructor (String)

 
System_CAPS_noteNote

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Initializes a new instance of the SqlConnectionStringBuilder class. The provided connection string provides the data for the instance's internal connection information.

Namespace:   System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public SqlConnectionStringBuilder(
	string connectionString
)

Parameters

connectionString
Type: System.String

The basis for the object's internal connection information. Parsed into name/value pairs. Invalid key names raise KeyNotFoundException.

Exception Condition
KeyNotFoundException

Invalid key name within the connection string.

FormatException

Invalid value within the connection string (specifically, when a Boolean or numeric value was expected but not supplied).

ArgumentException

The supplied connectionString is not valid.

The SqlConnectionStringBuilder class provides a fixed internal collection of key/value pairs. Even if you supply only a small subset of the possible connection string values in the constructor, the object always provides default values for each key/value pair. When the ConnectionString property of the object is retrieved, the string contains only key/value pairs in which the value is not the default value for the item.

The following example supplies a simple SQL Server connection string in the SqlConnectionStringBuilder object's constructor, and then iterates through all the key/value pairs within the object. Note that the collection provides default values for each item. Also note that the SqlConnectionStringBuilder class converts synonyms for the well-known keys so that they are consistent with the well-known names.

System_CAPS_noteNote

This example includes a password to demonstrate how SqlConnectionStringBuilder works with connection strings. In your applications, we recommend that you use Windows Authentication. If you must use a password, do not include a hard-coded password in your application.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            string connectString = 
                "Server=(local);Database=AdventureWorks;UID=ab;Pwd= a!Pass@@";
            Console.WriteLine("Original: " + connectString);
            SqlConnectionStringBuilder builder = 
                new SqlConnectionStringBuilder(connectString);
            Console.WriteLine("Modified: " + builder.ConnectionString);
            foreach (string key in builder.Keys)
                Console.WriteLine(key + "=" + builder[key].ToString());
            Console.WriteLine("Press any key to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();

        }
        catch (System.Collections.Generic.KeyNotFoundException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("KeyNotFoundException: " + ex.Message);
        }
        catch (System.FormatException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Format exception: " + ex.Message);
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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