ArrayList::IndexOf Method (Object^, Int32, Int32)

 

Searches for the specified Object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the range of elements in the ArrayList that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

Namespace:   System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
virtual int IndexOf(
	Object^ value,
	int startIndex,
	int count
)

Parameters

value
Type: System::Object^

The Object to locate in the ArrayList. The value can be null.

startIndex
Type: System::Int32

The zero-based starting index of the search. 0 (zero) is valid in an empty list.

count
Type: System::Int32

The number of elements in the section to search.

Return Value

Type: System::Int32

The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value within the range of elements in the ArrayList that starts at startIndex and contains count number of elements, if found; otherwise, -1.

Exception Condition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for the ArrayList.

-or-

count is less than zero.

-or-

startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in the ArrayList.

The ArrayList is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex plus count minus 1, if count is greater than 0.

This method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is count.

This method determines equality by calling Object::Equals.

Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection’s objects’ Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

The following code example shows how to determine the index of the first occurrence of a specified element.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{

   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   myAL->Add( "in" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "barn" );

   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );

   // Search for the first occurrence of the duplicated value.
   String^ myString = "the";
   int myIndex = myAL->IndexOf( myString );
   Console::WriteLine( "The first occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Search for the first occurrence of the duplicated value in the last section of the ArrayList.
   myIndex = myAL->IndexOf( myString, 4 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The first occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 4 and the end is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Search for the first occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.
   myIndex = myAL->IndexOf( myString, 6, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The first occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 6 and index 11 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   int i = 0;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   [{0}]:    {1}", i++, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.

 The ArrayList contains the following values:
    [0]:    the
    [1]:    quick
    [2]:    brown
    [3]:    fox
    [4]:    jumps
    [5]:    over
    [6]:    the
    [7]:    lazy
    [8]:    dog
    [9]:    in
    [10]:    the
    [11]:    barn

 The first occurrence of "the" is at index 0.
 The first occurrence of "the" between index 4 and the end is at index 6.
 The first occurrence of "the" between index 6 and index 11 is at index 6.
 */

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 10
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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